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Antonov An-22

an-22


Carrying the NATO reporting name Cock, the An-22 is a very large, long-range heavy transport. The An-22 was the world's largest aircraft when first flown on 27 February 1965, powered by four Kuznetsov turboprop engines, each driving two contrarotating coaxial propellers.


A very heavy freighter for the Soviet Air Force and Aeroflot, it was given a rear loading ramp to provide access to the 26.4m cargo hold, and can carry a payload of up to 176,350 lb (80 000 kg), including Ganef and Scud-A missiles on their tracked launchers.


Entering Soviet service in 1967 all 65 production aircraft were built at the Chakalov factory in Tashkent for the VTA/Soviet Air Force Transport Service, but were available to Aeroflot for charter and so all were painted in Aeroflot colours.


In October 1967 an An-22 established 14 payload-to-height records. With a payload of 100,000kg of metal blocks it reached a height of 7,848m, thereby qualifying also for the intermediate records from 35,000kg. Max payload lifted to a height of 2,000m was 104,444.6 kg. A take-off run of just over one kilometre was reported; the flight duration was 78 minutes.


In 1972 a further series of ten records for speed with payload were set up by Marina Popovich, wife of the Soviet cosmonaut Pavel Popovich. The aircraft averaged a speed of 593.318km/h around a 2,000km closed circuit with a 50,000kg payload, qualifying also for the intermediate records from 30,000kg. In addition the aircraft averaged a speed of 608.449km/h in a flight two days later around a 1,000km circuit with the same payload. The An-22 also holds three further records for speed with payload over a 5,000km circuit, established in 1974 and 1975.


Deliveries to both the Soviet Air Force and Aeroflot were completed during 1974.

 

An-22-2

 

Gallery


Antonov An 22 A Antei
Engine : 4 x Samara / Kusnetsov NK-12MA, 14602 shp

Prop diameter: 6.2 m
Length: 188.025 ft / 57.31 m
Height: 41.142 ft / 12.54 m
Wingspan : 211.286 ft / 64.4 m
Aspect ratio : 12.02  
Wing area : 3713.58 sqft / 345.0 sqm
Max take off weight : 496125.0 lb / 225000.0 kg
Weight empty : 261793.0 lb / 118727.0 kg
Max. payload weight : 132300.0 lb / 60000.0 kg
Max. speed : 324 kts / 600 km/h
Landing speed : 130 kts / 240 km/h
Cruising speed : 313 kts / 580 km/h
Take off distance : 4790 ft / 1460 m
Landing distance : 3412 ft / 1040 m
Wing load : 133.66 lb/sq.ft / 652.00 kg/sq.m
Maximum range : 5940 nm / 11000 km
Range (max. weight) : 2700 nm / 5000 km
Crew : 5
Payload : Cabin for 29 Pax, freight hold volume 640cu.m

 

Antonov An-22M Antei (Cock)
Engines: 4 x KKBM Kuznetsov NK-12MA turboprop, 14602 shp

Prop diameter: 6.2 m
Length: 190.03ft (57.92m)
Wingspan: 211.29ft (64.40m)
Aspect ratio : 12.02  
Wing area : 3713.58 sqft / 345.0 sqm
Height: 41.11ft (12.53m)
Maximum Speed: 460mph (740kmh; 400kts)
Landing speed : 130 kts / 240 km/h
Cruising speed : 313 kts / 580 km/h
Maximum range : 5940 nm / 11000 km
Range (max. weight) : 2700 nm / 5000 km
Service Ceiling: 24,606ft (7,500m)
Crew : 5
Weight empty : 261793.0 lb / 118727.0 kg
Maximum Take-Off Weight: 551,156lbs (250,000kg)
Max. payload weight : 132300.0 lb / 60000.0 kg
Payload : Cabin for 29 Pax, freight hold volume 640cu.m
Take off distance : 4790 ft / 1460 m
Landing distance : 3412 ft / 1040 m

 

an-22



 


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