Design of the An-10 airliner began in November 1955 and the prototype (named Ukraina) first flew on 4 July 1957.
The An-10 was the initial version with accommodation for 84 passengers and a room at the rear. It entered service in July 1959 on routes from Simferopol to Moscow and Kiev. The An-10A developed version had a 2m longer fuselage and accommodated 100 to 130 passengers. It entered service in February 1960. An-10A also operated on skis in the far north of the Soviet Union.
No An-10/10A were exported and Aeroflot withdrew the airliners in 1973 after a series of crashes. 104 were built.
Both versions had the NATO reporting name Cat.
From this was derived the An-12 military and civil freighter, with redesigned rear fuselage incorporating a cargo-loading and air-drop ramp. The An-10, accommodating from 84 to 130 passengers, was designed as a bulk passenger carrier for remote and under-developed regions of Russia.
Engine: 4 x turbo prop AI-20K, 2940 kW
Take-off weight: 55000 kg / 121255 lb
Empty weight: 30500 kg / 67241 lb
Wingspan: 38.0 m / 124 ft 8 in
Length: 37.0 m / 121 ft 5 in
Height: 9.8 m / 32 ft 2 in
Wing area: 120.0 sq.m / 1291.67 sq ft
Max. speed: 725 km/h / 451 mph
Cruise speed: 660 km/h / 410 mph
Ceiling: 10000 m / 32800 ft
Range w/max.fuel: 4000 km / 2486 miles
Range w/max.payload: 1200 km / 746 miles