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Albatros B.I / B.II

 

albatrosb1b2
 
 

 

The Albatros B.I and smaller B.II were developed in 1914, before the outbreak of war and were roughly equivalent to the British Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2, although slower. Of conventional layout, with the pilot occupying the rear cockpit and the observer the front. No armament was carried. Powered by a 74.5kW Mercedes D.I or an 82kW Benz Bz.II engine.

 

In October 1916 Kondor Flugzeug-Werke was awarded an order for 50 Albatros B.IIa (Kon.) s/n 390-439/16 or use as trainers. The B.IIa designation denotes a change in engine and Kondor did some redesign of the empennage.
 
Kondor-B2
Albatros B.IIa (Kon.) 417/16 built by Kondor Flugzeug-Werke GmbH of Essen

 

The Albatros B.II was a reconnaissance biplane used in the early years of the First World War. Though phased out after several months in the reconnaissance role, the B.II would live on throughout the war and even some years later as a trainer elsewhere. In 1917 the B.II was ordered back into service as the B.IIa dual-control trainer, powered by an 89.4kW Mercedes D.II or Argus As.II engine.

The Albatros B.II was of a standard biplane design, with a twin-bladed propelled and engine mounted at front, followed by the upper and lower wings. The fuselage was slim and square, allowing for two crewmembers. The aircraft was not armed and served as a true reconnaissance platform.

In the beginning of its service tour, the B.II was able to attain altitudes of nearly 15,000 feet. The system would later be fielded in quantity throughout 1914, though it was already outclassed and being replaced as soon as 1915. Though its days as a frontline reconnaissance platform were over, the aircraft played a role in the training until the closing months of the war.

Manufacture was undertaken by several companies. A seaplane version was also built in small numbers and a few B.II were operated by Austro-Hungary.

Long time in the arsenal VVS of Sweden were found Albatros aircraft, the basic model of which was B.IIa. One of such aircraft arrived in Sweden in 1914, but it was damaged on landing. Albatros B.IIa’s were operated by the Swedes until 1926 as Sk.I (training type 1). In August 1925 they were replaced by the Heinkel HD.35.

 

albat-b1

 

Engine: 1 x Mercedes D.1, 74kW
Take-off weight: 800 kg / 1764 lb
Empty weight: 600 kg / 1323 lb
Wingspan: 14.3 m / 46 ft 11 in
Length: 8.6 m / 28 ft 3 in
Height: 3.5 m / 11 ft 6 in
Wing area: 43.0 sq.m / 462.85 sq ft
Max. speed: 100 km/h / 62 mph
Ceiling: 3000 m / 9850 ft
Range w/max.fuel: 650 km / 404 miles
Crew: 2

Albatros B.II
Engine: 1 x Mercedes 6-cylinder, 100hp.
Length: 25.03ft (7.63m)
Wingspan: 41.99ft (12.80m)
Height: 10.33ft (3.15m)
Maximum Speed: 65mph (105kmh; 57kts)
Service Ceiling: 9,843ft (3,000m)
Accommodation: 2
Maximum Take-Off Weight: 2,361lbs (1,071kg)

 

albat-b1-2

 

 


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