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Aircraft Manufacturing Company Ltd / Airco DH 10 Amiens

 

dh10

 

The successes being experienced by German bomber crews over London forced the War Office to think of using a medium bomber for retaliatory strikes. The unsuccessful DH.3 was one of the bombers that came to mind. Airco produced a design based on the DH.3, but in a larger vesion. The design was accepted and construction began in August 1917. Powered by two 230 hp B.H.P. water cooled engines, which were mounted between two mainlanes, the DH.10 retained the plywood-covered, box-like fuselage on the DH.3. It carried a crew of three with front and rear gunner cockpits, on which the guns were mounted on Scarff rings. It had dual controls fitted in the rear cockpit.
The first prototypes were give the nam ‘Amiens’ by the Air Board, making them Amiens Mk.I and Mk.II. Fliht tests and evaluations were quickly carried out, and orders for 1295 aircraft were placed with Airco as the main contractor and six other subcontractors; the Alliance Aeroplanevco, London; the Daimler Co Ltd, Coventry; the Siddeley-Deasey Motor Car Co Ltd, Coventry, National Aircraft Factory No.2, Stockport; Mann-Egerton Co Ltd, Norwich; and the Birmingham Carrage Co, Birmingham.
 

The production lines started to gear up, but the war ended before they could get ino mass production. Only eight were supplied to the RFC, but after the war the DH.10 saw a great deal of service as a mail carrier and, after som modificatons, a passenger aircraft.

 

Airco-DH10-02
DH10 Mk.II
 
Airco DH.10
Engines: 2 x BHP, 200 hp
Engines: 2 x Siddeley Puma, 230 hp
Engines: 2 x Rolls-Royce Eagle VIII, 360 hp
Engines: 2 x Rolls-Royce Eagle VIII, 375 hp
Engines: 2 x Liberty 12, 396 hp
Engines: 2 x Liberty 12, 405 hp
 
Production models
Length: 39 ft 6 in / 12.0 m
Height: 14 ft 6 in / 4.4 m
Empty weight: 5600 lb / 2540 kg
Loaded weight: 9000 lb / 4082 kg
Max speed: 112 mph / 180 kph
Ceiling: 16,500 ft / 5029 m
Endurance: 3 – 5.5 hr
Armament: 3 x .303 Vickers mg
Bombload: 6 x 230 lb bombs
 
DH 10 prototype
Wingspan: 62 ft 9 in / 19.13 m
Length: 38 ft 10.25 in / 11.8 m
Height: 14 ft 6 in / 4.4 m
Empty weight: 5004 lb / 2270 kg
Loaded weight: 6950 lb / 3152 kg
Max speed: 100 mph / 160 kph
Ceiling: 15,000 ft / 4572 m
 
DH 10 Mk.II
Engines: 2 x RR Eagle VIII, 360 hp
Wingspan: 65 ft 6 in / 19.9 m
Length: 38 ft 10 in / 11.84 m
Max speed: 109 mph / 175 kph
Armament: 2 x Lewis .303
Bombload: 1200 lb / 554 kg
 
DH 10 A Mk III Amiens
Engine: 2 x Liberty 12, 400 hp
Length: 39.633 ft / 12.080 m
Wingspan: 65 ft 6 in / 19.9 m
Max take off weight: 9000.8 lb / 4082.0 kg
Max speed: 131 mph
Bomb load: 900 lb
Endurance: 6 h
Armament: 4x MG, 408kg Bomb.
Seats: 3
 
 
 
 


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