Founded on 28 March 1932 and commissioned on 24 August 1934, as GAZ 125 (becoming GAZ 39 in 1941), Irkut has built some 6,500 aircraft of 16 types from Antonov, Ilyushin, MiG, Petlyakov, Sukhoi, Tupolev and Yakovlev bureaux and supplied them to 21 countries. In recent years, it has manufactured MiG-23UB trainers (1970-85); 165 kits for Indian-assembled MiG-27MLs; Su-27UB trainers (from 1986); and was responsible for producing the Su-30 fighter (since 1991) and Beriev Be-200 amphibian. Su-30 customers include China and India; offers Su-27UBM and Su-30KN upgrades to older aircraft. Series manufacture of the Yak-112 lightplane has been abandoned, although company has been allocated prospective manufacture of the Ilyushin/HAL IL-214 twin-jet transport. Also undertakes Su-30 upgrades.
Irkut is a member of AVPK Sukhoi. Known from April 1989 until 2002 as IAPO (Irkutsk Aviation Industrial Association), having become a joint stock company in October 1992, but on 19 December 2002: shareholders approved a company change of name to Irkut NPK, IAPO becoming a subsidiary.