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Iniziative Industriali Italiane Sky Arrow

Magnaghi Sky Arrow

Sky Arrow Initiative indus. Sky Arrow

 

skyarrow450t
Sky Arrow 450T


The Sky Arrow is based on the earlier, remotely piloted drones, the Rondine. The development of the proven airframe (with certification originally funded by the Italian government) into a series of sporting sircraft was undertaken, producing the Sky Arrow.


Guiseppe Archangeli made the first flight of the Sky Arrow from Ponzano, near Rome, on 13 July 1992. On that flight the prototype was fitted with the original metal wings, and it required only a 2 degree change in the tailplane incidence and minor mods to the controls.


To meet the civilian market demands and regulations, the Sky Arrow has been modified from the original concept, with the initial design studies being wind tunnel tested at the University. The original metal wings have been substituted with an all composite version.


The Sky Arrow 450T is a single-engine aircraft with vertically staggered tandem seats and dual controls. The instrument panel is located ahead of the front seat, and all the instruments are arranged to allow visibility from the rear seat, which is elevated somewhat in relation to the front seat. However, wing flaps, dual electronic switches and cabin heat can only be operated from the front seat. Operable from both seats are the brakes, trim, mixture control and carburettor air control.

 

SkyArrow-pit

 

The high wings are braced and rectangular in shape, and are made of a carbon-fibre sandwich with kevlar reinforcement, while the struts are constructed of alu-minium and steel.  The Sky Arrow 450 T wings are the as as the P92. The fuselage and empennage are made from carbon-fibre and kevlar. Landing gear is a fixed tricycle-type constructed of multilayered carbon-fibre and rubber shock absorbers for the nose gear. Load factor limits at a planned maximum all up weight of 450kg are +3.8G/-1.9G, with an ultimate strength of +7.6G/-3.8G before breakage occurs. The aeroplane is powered by an 80 hp four-stroke Rotax 912 engine, coupled by means of a reduction gear-box with a ratio of 1:227 driving a two-bladed propeller.


The airframe is fully manufactured with composite materials (kevlar and carbon sandwich). The high-wing tandem configuration provides excellent visibility of over 300degrees. The Sky Arrow is fitted with either a Rotax 912 or 914 engine. The aircraft is offered to homebuilder enthusiasts as a kit which meets the FAA 49/51 percent rule. The Sky Arrow kit is composed of 10 subkits which can be bought separately and incrementally.

 

The Sky Arrow 450 and 650 are the same aircraft available as certified and ultralight versions. Easily converted to wheels, floats or amphibian, the 650TC is certified to JAR/VLA standard. Both the 450T ULM and 650T kit are built to that standard.

 

SkyArrow-Float

 

In 2012, the Sky Arrow 600 was manufactured by Italian maker Magnaghi. Base price 2014: $87,000 (Sky Arrow); $100,000 (loaded with SkyView 10-inch EFIS for limited time).

 

Gallery

 

450T
Engine: Rotax 912, 80 hp.
Length: 7.6m (8.40ft)
Height: 2.56rn (8.40ft)
Wing span: 9.7rn (31.76 ft)
Wing area: 13.5sq.m(145.9sq.ft)
MTOW: 1450 lb / 450 kg
Wing loading at 450kg: 33kg/sq.m(8.221b/sq.ft).
Wing airfoil: Gottinga 398 modified.
Fuel capacity: 68 lt (l8gal.).
VNE: 121 kt.
Max. speed at sea level: 110 kt.
Cruise speed at sea level: 90 kt.
Stall speed: 33 kt.
Rate of climb: l000ft/min.
Take-off roll: 400ft.
Landing roll: 330ft.
Take-off over 50ft obstacle: 700ft.
Glide ratio at 60kt: 1:12.
Service ceiling: 15,000ft.
 
450T
Type: Production ultralight
Length: 7.60 m
Height: 2.6 m
Wingspan: 9.7 m
Wing area: 13.5 sq.m
Wing loading: 33.3 kg/sq.m
Engine: Rotax 912, 81 hp at 5800 rpm
Prop: 2 blade fixed pitch
Loading: +5.7 / -2.8
Empty weight: 290 kg
Useful load: 160 kg
MTOW: 450 kg
Vne: 121 kts
Max speed at SL: 108 kts
Cruise speed SL 75%: 90kts
Stall SL: 33 kts
ROC SL: 5.0 m/s
TO run: 90 m
Landing run: 90 m
Glide ratio: 13
Ceiling: 4000 m
Endurance 75% +30min: 4 hr 15 min
Max range 75% +30min: 380 nm
 
Sky Arrow Initiative indus. Sky Arrow 450T
Engine: Rotax 912, 80 hp
Wing span: 9.60 m
Wing area: 13.50 sq.m
MAUW: 500 kg
Empty weight: 320 kg
Fuel capacity: 68 lt
Max speed: 200 kph
Cruise speed: 175 kph
Minimum speed: 67 kph
Climb rate: 5 m/s
Max range: 700 km
Takeoff dist 450 kg: 110m
Takeoff dist 650 kg: 240m
Landing dist 450 kg: 90 m
Landing dist 650 kg: 135 m
Certification: VZ, VLA, PFA
Seats: 2
Fuel consumption: 13 lt/hr
Price (1998): 307 530 Fttc
Kit price (1998): 110 150 000 Lr
 
480T
Type: Production ultralight
Length: 7.60 m
Height: 2.6 m
Wingspan: 9.7 m
Wing area: 13.5 sq.m
Wing loading: 35.5 kg/sq.m
Engine: Rotax 912, 81 hp at 5800 rpm
Prop: 2 blade fixed pitch
Loading: +5.7 / -2.8
Empty weight: 303 kg
Useful load: 177 kg
MTOW: 480kg
Vne: 121 kts
Max speed at SL: 108 kts
Cruise speed SL 75%: 90kts
Stall SL: 34 kts
ROC SL: 4.8 m/s
TO run: 90 m
Landing run: 100 m
Glide ratio: 13
Ceiling: 4000 m
Endurance 75% +30min: 4 hr 15 min
Max range 75% +30min: 380 nm
 
500T
Type: Production ultralight
Length: 7.60 m
Height: 2.6 m
Wingspan: 9.7 m
Wing area: 13.5 sq.m
Wing loading: 3.7 kg/sq.m
Engine: Rotax 912, 81 hp at 5800 rpm
Prop: 2 blade fixed pitch
Loading: +5.7 / -2.8
Empty weight: 326 kg
Useful load: 174 kg
MTOW: 500 kg
Vne: 121 kts
Max speed at SL: 108 kts
Cruise speed SL 75%: 90kts
Stall SL: 35 kts
ROC SL: 4.5 m/s
TO run: 90 m
Landing run: 100 m
Glide ratio: 13
Ceiling: 4000 m
Endurance 75% +30min: 4 hr 15 min
Max range 75% +30min: 380 nm
 
650A/914 Exocet
Type: Homebuilt aircraft
Length: 7.60 m
Height: 2.8 m
Wingspan: 9.7 m
Wing area: 13.5 sq.m
Wing loading: 48.1 kg/sq.m
Engine: Rotax 914, 115 hp at 5800 rpm
Prop: 2 blade in flight adj
Loading: +5.7 / -2.8
Empty weight: 454 kg
Useful load: 196 kg
MTOW: 650 kg
Certification: EXP
Vne: 132 kts
Max speed at SL: 107 kts
Max speed at 15,000ft: 115 kts
Cruise speed SL 75%: 92 kts
Cruise speed 15,000ft 75%: 100 kts
Stall SL: 40 kts
ROC SL: 5.0 m/s
TO run: 180 m
Landing run: 135 m
Glide ratio: 10
Ceiling: 6000+ m
Endurance 75% +30min: 2 hr 15 min
Max range 75% +30min: 245 nm
 
650SP
Type: Homebuilt aircraft
Length: 7.60 m
Height: 2.8 m
Wingspan: 9.7 m
Wing area: 13.5 sq.m
Wing loading: 48.1 kg/sq.m
Engine: Rotax 912, 81 hp at 5800 rpm
Prop: 2 blade fixed pitch
Loading: +5.7 / -2.8
Empty weight: 400 kg
Useful load: 250 kg
MTOW: 650 kg
Certification: EXP
Vne: 132 kts
Max speed at SL: 90 kts
Cruise speed SL 75%: 80kts
Stall SL: 40 kts
ROC SL: 3.6 m/s
TO run: 275 m
Landing run: 75 m
Glide ratio: 10
Ceiling: 3000 m
Endurance 75% +30min: 4 hr 15 min
Max range 75% +30min: 340 nm
 
650T
Type: Homebuilt aircraft
Length: 7.60 m
Height: 2.6 m
Wingspan: 9.7 m
Wing area: 13.5 sq.m
Wing loading: 48.1 kg/sq.m
Engine: Rotax 912, 81 hp at 5800 rpm
Prop: 2 blade fixed pitch
Loading: +5.7 / -2.8
Empty weight: 350 kg
Useful load: 300 kg
MTOW: 650 kg
Certification: EXP
Vne: 132 kts
Max speed at SL: 107 kts
Cruise speed SL 75%: 90kts
Stall SL: 40 kts
ROC SL: 4 m/s
TO run: 240 m
Landing run: 135 m
Glide ratio: 12
Ceiling: 4000 m
Endurance 75% +30min: 4 hr 15 min
Max range 75% +30min: 380 nm
 
650T/914
Type: Homebuilt aircraft
Length: 7.60 m
Height: 2.6 m
Wingspan: 9.7 m
Wing area: 13.5 sq.m
Wing loading: 48.1 kg/sq.m
Engine: Rotax 914, 115 hp at 5800 rpm
Prop: 2 blade in flight adj
Loading: +5.7 / -2.8
Empty weight: 368 kg
Useful load: 282 kg
MTOW: 650 kg
Certification: EXP
Vne: 132 kts
Max speed at SL: 120 kts
Max speed at 15,000ft: 125 kts
Cruise speed SL 75%: 108 kts
Cruise speed 15,000ft 75%: 112 kts
Stall SL: 40 kts
ROC SL: 5.5 m/s
TO run: 150 m
Landing run: 135 m
Glide ratio: 12
Ceiling: 6000+ m
Endurance 75% +30min: 2 hr 15 min
Max range 75% +30min: 270 nm
 
650TC
Type: Production VLA
Length: 7.60 m
Height: 2.6 m
Wingspan: 9.7 m
Wing area: 13.5 sq.m
Wing loading: 48.1 kg/sq.m
Engine: Rotax 912, 81 hp at 5800 rpm
Prop: 2 blade fixed pitch
Loading: +5.7 / -2.8
Empty weight: 350 kg
Useful load: 300 kg
MTOW: 650 kg
Certification: JAR/VLA
Vne: 131 kts
Max speed at SL: 107 kts
Cruise speed SL 75%: 90kts
Stall SL: 40 kts
ROC SL: 4 m/s
TO run: 240 m
Landing run: 135 m
Glide ratio: 12
Ceiling: 4000 m
Endurance 75% +30min: 4 hr 15 min
Max range 75% +30min: 380 nm
 
1450A
Engine: Rotax 912, 79 hp.
HP range: 79-115.
Height: 8.7 ft.
Length: 24.93 ft.
Wing span: 31.49 ft.
Wing area: 114.6 sq.ft.
Weight empty: 900 lbs.
Gross: 1450 lbs.
Fuel cap: 19 USG.
Speed max: 109 mph.
Cruise: 93 mph.
Range: 440 sm.
Stall: 46 mph.
ROC: 600 fpm.
Take-off dist: 1800 ft (water).
Landing dist: 1800 ft (water).
Service ceiling: 13,000 ft.
Seats: 2.
Landing gear: floats & wheels.
 
1450A
Engine: Rotax 914, 100 hp
HP range: 100-115
Top speed: 136 mph
Cruise: 105 mph
Stall: 43 mph
Range: 360 sm
Rate of climb: 800 fpm
Takeoff dist water: 1200 ft
Landing dist water: 1200 ft
Service ceiling: 25,000 ft
Fuel capacity: 19 USG
Empty weight: 900 lb
Gross weight: 1450 lb
Height: 9.6 ft
Length: 24.9 ft
Wing span: 31.5 ft
Wing area: 144.6 sq.ft
Seats: 2
Landing gear: floats
 
1450L
Speed max: 118 mph.
Cruise: 105 mph.
Range: 497 sm.
Stall: 43 mph.
ROC: 800 fpm.
Take-off dist: 1300 ft.
Landing dist: 1100 ft.
Service ceiling: 13,000 ft.
Engine: Rotax 912, 79 hp.
HP range: 79-115.
Fuel cap: 19 USG.
Weight empty: 767 lbs.
Gross: 1450 lbs.
Height: 8.4 ft.
Length: 29.93 ft.
Wing span: 31.49 ft.
Wing area: 144.6 sq.ft.
Seats: 2.
Landing gear: nose wheel.
 
Sky Arrow Exocet
Engine: Rotax 914, 115 hp
Length: 24.9 ft
Height: 8.66 ft
Wing span: 31.5 ft
Wing area: 144.61 sq.ft
Empty weight: 1065 lb
MTOW: 1450 lb
Useful load: 385 lb
Fuel capacity: 16 Imp.Gal
Wing loading: 10 lb/sq.ft
Power loading: 12.6 lb/hp
Service ceiling; 18,000 ft
Max range with res: 250 nm
Takeoff roll; 400 m
Landing roll: 450 m
Prop: 3 blade composite Airplast

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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