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Hindustan HJT-16 Kiran

 

halhjt16

 

Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. (HAL) constructed the Viper-powered HJT-16 Kiran two-seat jet trainer for the Indian Navy.  The prototype HJT-16 flew on 4 September 1964. Deliveries began in 1968, and the Kiran I was superceded by the IA with two weapons pylons for armament training.
The prototype (U738) of the Hindus-tan Aeronautics HAL Kiran Mk II armament training and counter-insurgency aircraft was flown for the first time on 30 July 1976. The Kiran II side-by-side basic trainer/light attack aircraft differs from the Viper powered Kiran land IA in being fitted with a derated Orpheus 701-01 turbojet. The Kiran II has four underwing hardpoints and upgraded avionics. Deliveries began in 1984. By mid-1985 16 had been delivered, and the production rate was 18 per year.
By 1989 a total of 251 aircraft were built including 51 improved "Kiran II"s.

HJT-16 Kiran I/IA

Engine: 1 x Rolls-Royce Viper Mk 11, 11.11kN
Max take-off weight: 4235 kg / 9337 lb
Empty weight: 2560 kg / 5644 lb
Wingspan: 10.7 m / 35 ft 1 in
Length: 10.6 m / 34 ft 9 in
Height: 3.63 m / 11 ft 11 in
Wing area: 19.0 sq.m / 204.51 sq ft
Max. speed: 695 km/h / 432 mph
Cruise speed: 9145 km/h / 5683 mph
Armament: 2 x 227kg bombs or 14 x 68mm unguided missiles
Crew: 2

HJT-16 Kiran II
Engine: 1 x R-R Orpheus 701.
Installed thrust: 18.68 kN.
Span: 10.7 m.
Length: 10.6 m.
Wing area: 19 sq.m.
Empty wt: 2995 kg.
MTOW: 5000 kg.
Warload: 1000 kg.
Max speed: 672 kph.
Initial ROC: 1600 m / min.
Ceiling: 12,000 m.
T/O run (to 15m): 730 m.
Ldg run (from 15m): 1440 m.
Fuel internal: 1345 lt.
Range: 735 km.
Armament: 2 x 7.62 mm.
Hardpoints: 4.

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