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Heinkel He 119

 

Heink-119-02

  

The He 119, by Ernst Heinkel A.G., was one of the designs to come out of the pre-war period: its streamlined fuselage was mated to a tandem engine arrangement promising considerable speed gains in the process. The aircraft was briefly considered for high-speed reconnaissance and bombing roles within the Luftwaffe but the project only matured as far as eight prototypes serving as experimental platforms.
 
A two-seat aircraft, design work on the type began in 1936 and engineers selected the slimmest of profiles with no obvious physical protrusions to be had along the fuselage. This allowed the airframe to benefit from streamlining as even the cockpit was integrated into the clean lines of this aircraft, its position given away by heavy glazing near the nose and aft of the propeller spinner. To fit the twin engine arrangement, the powerplants were coupled aft of the cockpit and powered the nose-mounted propeller by way of a drive shaft. The propeller was a four-bladed design. The drive shaft ran between the two crewmembers. The engine of choice was the Daimler-Benz DB601 which, when coupled, formed the DB606A-2, a 24-cylinder, liquid-cooled inverted V12 monster outputting 2,350 horsepower. To streamline the aircraft even more, it used surface radiator cooling instead of conventional radiators.

The wing mainplanes were elliptical and the aircraft relied on a single, curved rudder with low-set horizontal planes. The undercarriage was of a retractable tricycle arrangement.

A first-flight by way of the V1 prototype was recorded during mid-1937 and the V2 followed with an experimental radiator fit. V3 was the same design though reworked as a seaplane and still able to retain the aircraft's performance. V4 was set aside for speed trials and managed a record in 1937 of 314 miles per hour while carrying a load of 2,205lb over 621 miles.
Prototypes V5 through V8, added in 1938, were intended to serve as production-minded prototypes for operational reconnaissance and bomber aircraft (two of each form). These designs were all given a three-man crew and an MG15 machine gun fitted to a dorsal position (strictly for self-defense). The proposed bomber design was to carry up to 2,205lb of conventional drop stores.

While the He 119 never materialized into an operational combat aircraft, V7 and V8 went on to see extended testing in the hands of Japanese engineers as the pair were sold off to the German ally.
 
German propaganda designated the He 119 as the "He 111U". The "He 519" was a related proposal of 1944 intended as a high-speed bomber. It was developed as a private venture by the company and was to rely on the DB613 engine (a larger version of the DB601). The end of the war in 1945 ended the He 519 in full.

 

Total production: 8 prototypes.

 

He 119 V1
Engines: 1 x Daimler-Benz DB660A-2, 2,350 hp
Propeller: metal three-bladed variable pitch
Overall Length: 48.56 feet (14.8 meters)
Overall Width: 52.17 feet (15.90 meters)
Overall Height: 17.72 feet (5.40 meters)
Empty weight: 5200 kg
Max weight: 7585 kg
Power loading: 3,227 kg/hp
Range: 3120 km.
Maximum Speed: 367 mph (590 kph; 319 knots)
Maximum Range: 1,942 miles (3,125 km)
Service Ceiling: 27,887 feet (8,500 meters)
Rate-of-Climb: 1,840 feet-per-minute (561 m/min)
 
He 119 V2
Equipped with standard radiator.
Engines: 1 x Daimler-Benz DB660A-2, 2,350 hp
Overall Length: 48.56 feet (14.8 meters)
Overall Width: 52.17 feet (15.90 meters)
Overall Height: 17.72 feet (5.40 meters)
Maximum Speed: 367 mph (590 kph; 319 knots)
Maximum Range: 1,942 miles (3,125 km)
Service Ceiling: 27,887 feet (8,500 meters)
Rate-of-Climb: 1,840 feet-per-minute (561 m/min)

He 119 V3
Two catamaran floats.
Engines: 1 x Daimler-Benz DB660A-2, 2,350 hp
Overall Length: 48.56 feet (14.8 meters)
Overall Width: 52.17 feet (15.90 meters)
Overall Height: 17.72 feet (5.40 meters)
Max speed: 570 km/h
Maximum Range: 1,942 miles (3,125 km)
Service Ceiling: 27,887 feet (8,500 meters)
Rate-of-Climb: 1,840 feet-per-minute (561 m/min)

He 119 V4
Destroyed after a flight achieving more than 595 km/h.
Engines: 1 x Daimler-Benz DB660A-2, 2,350 hp
Overall Length: 48.56 feet (14.8 meters)
Overall Width: 52.17 feet (15.90 meters)
Overall Height: 17.72 feet (5.40 meters)
Maximum Speed: 367 mph (590 kph; 319 knots)
Maximum Range: 1,942 miles (3,125 km)
Service Ceiling: 27,887 feet (8,500 meters)
Rate-of-Climb: 1,840 feet-per-minute (561 m/min)
 
He 119 V5
Reconnaissance prototype; three-man crew; 1 x MG15 machine gun armament.
Engines: 1 x Daimler-Benz DB660A-2, 2,350 hp
Overall Length: 48.56 feet (14.8 meters)
Overall Width: 52.17 feet (15.90 meters)
Overall Height: 17.72 feet (5.40 meters)
Maximum Speed: 367 mph (590 kph; 319 knots)
Maximum Range: 1,942 miles (3,125 km)
Service Ceiling: 27,887 feet (8,500 meters)
Rate-of-Climb: 1,840 feet-per-minute (561 m/min)
 
He 119 V6
Reconnaissance prototype; three-man crew; 1 x MG15 machine gun armament.
Engines: 1 x Daimler-Benz DB660A-2, 2,350 hp
Overall Length: 48.56 feet (14.8 meters)
Overall Width: 52.17 feet (15.90 meters)
Overall Height: 17.72 feet (5.40 meters)
Max spped: 367 mph
Empty weight: 11,465lb
Loaded weight: 16,678lb
Range: 1,940 miles
Altitude: near 15,000 ft
Maximum Speed: 367 mph (590 kph; 319 knots)
Maximum Range: 1,942 miles (3,125 km)
Service Ceiling: 27,887 feet (8,500 meters)
Rate-of-Climb: 1,840 feet-per-minute (561 m/min)
 
He 119 V7
Bomber prototype; three-man crew; 1 x MG15 machine gun armament; 2,205lb bomb load. Not completed.
 
He 119 V8
Bomber prototype; three-man crew; 1 x MG15 machine gun armament 2,205lb bomb load. Not completed.

 

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