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Heinkel He 114
he114
He 114A

Begun by Heinkel under Luftwaffe contract at the beginning of 1936, the first of five variously -powered prototypes flew in the late spring of that year. It was a two-seat, all-metal two-float seaplane of sesquiplane configuration, fitted with a 960-hp DB 600A engine driving a three-blade wooden propeller.

The five prototypes, flown in 1936 and 1937, were powered by a variety of engines, including the 716kW Daimler-Benz DB 600, the 477kW Junkers Jumo 210, the 656kW BMW 132Dc and the 716kW BMW 132K.

These five, and the first of ten pre-production He 114A-0s, were delivered to the Luftwaffe during 1937, with the BMW 132Dc engine, which was adopted also for the 33 He 114A-1 trainers, though they were neither armed nor fitted with catapult hooks. Thirty-three 865-hp BMW-132N-engined A-1s were built as trainers by Weser.
Earlier that year the German aviation ministry accepted the V9 (D-IHDG) as pro-totype for the He 114A-2 series, which were powered by an uprated (960-hp) BMW 132K engine driving a three-blade constant-speed propeller and fitted with catapult gear. It flew for the first time on February 16, 1937 and a small batch of A-2s, again built by Weser, were delivered to the Luftwaffe later in the year. The He 114A-2 was the first operational version, armed with a fixed forward-firing 7.92mm MG 17 machine-gun and an identical weapon mounted in the observer's cockpit.

They were equipped with catapult points and could carry two 50-kg (110-lb) bombs. The Luftwaffe pilots found their handling on the water and in the air to be somewhat unstable, and the He 114 never superseded the He 60 in service. The prewar A-2s were later converted by Weser for export to Sweden (14 as He 114B-1s) and Romania (six He 114B-2 aircraft, three with DB 600 engines and three with Jumo 210s). Romania also bought 12 He 114B-2S with BMW 132K engines.
14 He 114A-2s were exported to Sweden as the He 114B-1.
Fourteen He 114C-1s were used by the Luftwaffe as commerce raiders, and four unarmed C-2s were delivered for use as trainers in December 1939, having the 865-hp BMW 132N engine. At the outbreak of the Second World War, the C- l s and some other models were equipped with one or two additional MG 17 machine-guns in the pilot's cockpit, firing past the propeller. Some He 114s carried four 50-kg (110-lb) bombs for antisubmarine duties (only two when additional machine-gun armament was carried). The He 114 was phased out during the first two years of the war, after limited Luftwaffe service.
Production ceased in 1939.

he114ld
He 114


He 114A-2
Engine: 1 x BMW 132K, 610kW
Wingspan: 13.6 m (44 ft 7.5 in)
Length: 11.65 m (38 ft 2.75 in)
Height: 5.2 m / 17 ft 1 in
Wing area: 42.3 sq.m / 455.31 sq ft
Max take-off weight: 3420 kg / 7540 lb
Empty weight: 2314 kg / 5102 lb
Max. speed: 292 km/h / 181 mph
Cruise speed: 265 km/h / 165 mph
Ceiling: 4800 m / 15750 ft
Range w/max.fuel: 1050 km / 652 miles
Range w/max.payload: 910 km / 565 miles
Armament: 1 x 7.92mm machine-guns
Crew: 2

 

 

 


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