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Hawker Siddeley

 

The 1957 Defence White Paper was also a preface to the first major "rationalisation ', overhaul of the British industry, which took place in 1960 and caused the disappearance of so many pioneering aviation names. From this process, achieved by a simple, Government ruling that with one or two exceptions (such as the Westland Helicopter Company), official contracts would only be placed with rationalized companies, nearly all the historic organizations in British aviation were swallowed by two large aerospace groups. The British Aircraft Corporation combined Bristol, English Electric, Hunting and Vickers-Armstrong/Supermarine, while Hawker Siddeley absorbed companies as Avro, Armstrong-Whitworth, Black-burn, de Havilland, Folland, Gloster and Hawker.

 

In 1962, the Hawker Siddeley Group formally dissolved A.V. Roe Canada and transferred all A.V. Roe Canada assets to its newly-formed subsidiary Hawker Siddeley Canada. Avro Aircraft was closed.


In mid-1963 the Hawker Siddeley Group incorporated the Hawker, de Havilland, Avro, Armstrong Whitworth, Folland and Blackburn companies into Hawker Siddeley Aviation, the aircraft products of each company becoming known as Hawker Siddeley aircraft.

 

In 1962, the Hawker Siddeley Group formally dissolved A.V. Roe Canada and transferred all A.V. Roe Canada assets to its newly-formed subsidiary Hawker Siddeley Canada. Avro Aircraft was closed.


Final products under its own name were the HS 125 corporate jet (first flown August 1962); HS 748 turboprop airliner (first flown June 1960), Trident short/medium-range airliner first flown January 1962), Harrier and Sea Harrier, Buccaneer, Nimrod maritime patrol jet (first flown May 1967), and Hawk jet trainer.
Merged into British Aerospace in April 1977.

 


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