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Hawker Henley




The Henley was designed to an Air Ministry requirement for a two-seat-high-performance light bomber with good enough performance to be used as a dive bomber for close air support.
The prototype first flew in March 1937.
Despite its promise, its role was changed to that of target towing. Four hundred were ordered, but only 100 Merlin II and 100 Merlin III-engined Henleys were built at the Gloster works. The type proved ill-suited to the task, with many engine failures due to a cooling system which performed best at high airspeeds not suitable for target towing. They ended their short careers towing the larger drogues for training anti-aircraft gun crews. They were withdrawn from service in 1942. 



According to Hawker records two Henleys were used as engine test beds for Vulture and Griffon engines and one was tropicalised.


Engine: 1 x Rolls-Royce Merlin II, 1016 hp / 768kW
Wingspan: 14.59 m / 47 ft 10 in
Length: 11.1 m / 36 ft 5 in
Height: 4.46 m / 14 ft 8 in
Wing area: 31.77 sq.m / 341.97 sq ft
Max take off weight: 3845 kg / 8477 lb
Empty weight: 2725 kg / 6008 lb
Wing loading: 24.81 lb/sq.ft / 121.00 kg/sq.m
Service Ceiling: 8230 m /27000 ft
Max. speed: 204 kts / 438 km/h /272 mph
Cruising speed: 378 kph
Range: 826 nm / 1529 km / 950 miles
Crew: 2




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