Harbin Aircraft Manufacturing Corp.
Created in 1952 from the Mansyu Hikoki Seizo Kabushiki Kaisha of Manchuria. Began the H-6 bomber program in 1957, initially assembling two Tu-16s from Soviet supplied components, the first flying in September 1959, but in 1961 this program was transferred to Xi'an. Manufactured the H-5 jet bomber from 1966 to the 1980s, based on the Soviet llyushin II-28. Developed and still produces the Y-11 (first flown about 1975) and Y-12 (first flown June 1984) general-purpose transports and Z-9 Haitun twin-turboshaft helicopter as license-produced Eurocopter Dauphin 2. Was pursuing development of a new helicopter in 1999, and is a partner in the Colibri EC 120 B helicopter program . Also produced two prototype (one static) and five production SH-5 anti-submarine amphibians (one civil, tested as a firebomber).
In 1998, the core company of Harbin Aircraft Industry Group (HAIG) was under under AVIC II and occupied a 514 ha (1.270 acre) site, including 350,000 sq.m of workshop space. The workforce in 1998 numbered approximately 18,000.
Harbin partnered with Eurocopter and Singapore Technologies Aerospace in the Eurocopter EC 120 Colibri programme, for which it builds the cabin.