Gloster Mars 1 / Bamel
Britain’s Gloucestershire (Gloster) Company designed, built and flew the Mars 1 single seat racer in three weeks, as the prototype for a new fighter. It won the Aerial Derby in 1921, 1922 and 1923, and set up a British speed record of 196.6 mph.
Designed by H. P. Folland, the Mars I or 'Bamel' was a single-seat racing biplane: the greater part of the fuselage, landing gear and tail unit being constructed from components similar to those used in the well-known Nieuport Nighthawk, which the company took over in 1920.
Engine: 1 x Napier Lion, 336kW
Max. speed: 316 km/h / 196 mph