Fokker M.V / E.I
In May 1914 Fokker produced a light, manoeuvrable aeroplane, the M.5. It was designed by Kreutzer and based on a French Morane-Saulnier type H which Fokker had bought second-hand.
The Eindecker (monoplane) was a version of the M.5k general-purpose aeroplane fitted with a forward-firing machine-gun and interrupter gear to prevent bullets from hitting propeller blade(s). The inspiration for this otherwise combat aeroplane was Roland Garros’s Morane-Saulnier Type L, which came down behind the German lines on 19 April 1915 and was then found to be fitted with a gun and steel deflector plates. The Eindecker entered production as the E I with the 60-kW (80-hp) Oberursel U.0 rotary, and was the world’s first true fighter.
M.5K/MG. The -K- means Kurz = (short wing) and MG means Maschinengewehr (machine gun).
E.I (the later designatio-n the M. 5K/MG). E.I means Eindecker (monoplane) number one. The M.5K/MG, or E.I had an 80 hp. Oberursel engine and was armed with an LMG 08 machine gun. Span 8.95m, the length 6.75m, height 2.88m. Maximum speed 130 kph.
M.5L -L- means Lang = (long wing).
On August 1st, 1915 Lieutenant Max Immelmann achieved his first air combat victory flying a Fokker M.5K/MG, and was followed 18 days later by Boelcke. At the end of October Immelmann and Boelcke gained their fifth and sixth vic-tories respectively.
The E I was soon superseded by the generally similar E II.
Number Built: 54
Engine: Oberursel U.0 rotary, 60-kW (80-hp)
Wing Span: 8.95 m
Length: 6.75 m
Height: 9 ft 1¾ in / 2.4 m
Empty Weight: / 358 kg
Gross Weight: 563 kg
Max Speed: 130 km/h
Ceiling: 3,000 m
Endurance: 1½ hours
Armament: 1 Spandau machine gun, 7.92 mm