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Firebird T1


Side-by-side two-seat single-engined high-wing monoplane with conventional three-axis control. Wing has swept back leading and trailing edges, and constant chord; no tail, canard wing. Pitch control by fully flying canard; yaw control by tip rudders; roll control by spoilers; control inputs through stick for pitch/roll and pedals for yaw. Wing braced from below by struts; wing profile; double-surface. Undercarriage has four wheels in 'tricycle' formation; suspension on all wheels. No ground steering. Brakes on all wheels. Aluminium-tube framework, without pod. Engine mounted below wing driving pusher propeller.
Easily distinguishable from other Fledge derivatives by its unusual double nosewheel, the T1 is basically a two-seat version of the M1. It was first shown at the Aero 83 Exhibition at Friedrichshafen in March 1983 and was placarded as having made its first flights the month before. The standard version includes electric start, while options include wheel fairings and floats.

Engine: Hirth 276A13, 40 hp at 7000 rpm.
Propeller diameter 63 inch, 1.60 m.
Belt reduction, ratio 2.04.
Max static thrust 252 lb, 114 kg.
Power per unit area 0.22 hp/sq.ft, 2.4 hp/sq.m.
Length overall 10.5ft, 3.20m.
Wing span 32.8 ft, 10.0 m.
Constant chord 5.6 ft, 1.70 m.
Canard span 6.7 ft, 2. 00 m.
Main wing area 183 sq.ft, 17.0 sq.m.
Rudder area 9.7 sq.ft, 0.90 sq.m.
Wing aspect ratio 5.9/1.
Wheel track 5.3 ft, 1.60 m.
Empty weight 327 lb, 148kg.
Max take-off weight 707 lb, 320kg.
Payload 380 lb, 172 kg
Max wing loading 3.86 lb/sq.ft, 18.8 kg/sq.m.
Fuel capacity 6.9 US gal, 5.7 Imp gal, 26.0 litre.
Max power loading 17.7 lb/hp, 8.0kg/hp.
Load factors: +6.0, -3.0 ultimate.
Never exceed speed 56mph, 90kph.
Economic cruising speed 44mph, 70kph.
Stalling speed 28mph, 45 kph.
Max climb rate at sea level 600 ft/min, 3.1 m/s.
Best glide ratio with power off 8/1 at 37mph, 60kph.
Take-off distance 100ft, 30 m.
Landing distance 65 ft, 20 m.
Range at average cruising speed 112 mile, 180km.

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