Fairchild 71 / Super 71 / F-1 / C-8 / XJ2Q-1 / R2Q-1
Though civil operators acquired most of the Fairchild 71s and 71As, the US Army acquired one for evaluation as a light transport under the designation XC-8; dedicated later for photographic work it was redesignated XF-1. Eight service-test aircraft were ordered under the designation YF-1, and all nine were later redesignated C-8.
Six production Fairchild 71As were then bought by the US Army with the designation F-1A, later redesignated C-8A The US Navy also acquired a single example for service test under the designation XJ2Q-1, later redesignated R2Q-1.
The model 71 could be readily fitted with floats, skis or wheels. Its standard range was between 750 and 800 nautical miles, depending on whether it was on floats or skis/wheels. Twenty one model 71s were built.
In the mid-1930s Kreider-Reisner built the Fairchild 22 two-seat open-cockpit monoplane and the Fairchild 24 cabin type, also producing the Fairchild 71 amphibian.
With a view to meeting Canadian requirements for a freight carrier of greater capacity than the standard Fairchild 71, the Fairchild Super 71 floatplane was developed in 1934. Of slightly greater span, it had also a longer and entirely new oval-section fuselage of light alloy construction. The pilot was given a cockpit on the upper surface of the fuselage, to the rear of the 13-foot cabin, with a somewhat restricted forward view between the top of the fuselage and the undersurface of the wing. The cabin could accommodate eight passengers, but the seats were easily removable to create an uncluttered cargo space. Large cargo doors were inset in the port side of the cabin and a passenger door to starboard, the entire accommodation being heated and ventilated. Power was provided by a Pratt & Whitney Wasp radial engine enclosed completely in a low-drag cowling.
Engine: One Pratt & Whitney R-1340-1 Wasp, 420 hp.
Wing span: 50 ft 0 in (15.24 m).
Length: 32 ft 10 in (10.00 m)
Height: 10 ft 6 inWing area: 335 sq ft (31.12 sq.m).
Gross weight: 5,500 lb (2495 kg).
Max speed: 129 mph (208 km/h) at 5,000 ft (1525 m).
Cruise: 95-100 kt.
Landing speed: 55 mph
Initial climb rate: 900 fpm
Range: 900 miles (1,450 km).
Service ceiling: 17,000 ft
Accommodation: Crew of 1 / 6 passengers, or equivalent mail or freight load.
Fuel capacity: 160 USgal