German designer Walter Extra, in the late 1990s, began to work on a larger idea—the Extra 400. Pressurization differential was 5.5 psi, providing an 8,000-foot cabin at 25,000 feet, and max gross was set at just above 4,400 pounds (or 1,999 kilograms because users of the European airway system pay progressively higher charges to operate aircraft weighing 2,000 kilograms or more).
The Extra 400, six seat, pressurised single is made from composite materials, mostly at Dinslaken. The fuselage is made in two parts, which are joined down the centre line. The wings are also constructed in two parts, top and bottom. Then the internal components are installed before the two parts are brought together. All fibreglass parts are cured in a heat romm for 40 hours before moving on to the next stage in the construction process.
The engine in the 400 is the liquid cooled 350 hp Continental TSIOL 550-A Voyager, with an intercooled turbocharger. The propellor is a composite Muhlbauer constant speed four blade, with an option for a three blade version.
The Fowler flaps are in two parts on each wing, with all the working mechanism internal.
The Extra 400 six-place pressurized piston single earned full certification from the FAA. The approval is in the normal category, for day/night/IFR operations. Powered by a 350-hp liquid-cooled Continental TSIOL-550C powerplant, the Extra 400 can cruise at up to 230 knots at altitude, with a maximum no-wind range of better of 1,000 nm. Extra said that it would deliver the first two 400s in November 1999, before boosting production to two airplanes a month in the first half of 2001.
In parallel to the piston model, the company also developed a turbine version of the super-single, with a compact 450 shp Rolls-Royce/Allison engine.
Engine; Continental TSIOL-550-A, 350 hp, 325 hp cont.
TBO; 800 hr
Fuel type: 100LL
Prop; Mulhlbauer constant speed 3 or 4 blade 76.77 in
Length; 30 ft 10 in
Height; 10 ft 2 in
Wingspan; 37 ft 9 in
Wing area; 153.55 sq ft
Max ramp weight: 4409 lb
MTOW; 4299 lb
Landing weight: 4409 lb
Empty weight; 2659 lb
Useful load; 1640 lb
Total fuel; 178.5 USG
Max op alt; 25,000 ft
Pressurisation; 5.5 psi
Max cruise 20,000 ft; 259 kts
Max cruise 75% 25,000 ft; 243 kt
Econ cruise 65% 25,000 ft; 229 kt
Max. range economy (55%): 1160 nm
Stall; 55-57 kt
Initial climb rate: 1,400 fpm
Takeoff distance: 1,475 ft
Landing distance: 1,000 ft
Electrics; 24v, 1 battery
Alternators; 1 x 100 amp, 1 x 85 amp
Wheel base: 8.25 ft
Cabin doors: 1
Cabin width: 4.56 in
Cabin height: 4.07 in
Landing gear type: Retr.
1997 price: 1,300,000DM / US$1.3m