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Europa Aviation Europa

 

europaeuropa


Europa Aircraft began in the 1990s to build a small aeroplane capable of quiet, comfortable, high speed, low cost touring. The basic concept was to produce an aircraft that be easily transported on its own trailer, operate on car fuel, be rigged and ready for flight in under ten minutes, carry two people in comfort, and take off and land on unprepared grass fields


The original model, the Europa Classic designed by Ivan Shaw, was easily capable of being rigged and de-rigged by a crew of two, road transportable on a purpose-built trailer, simple to construct, and easy to maintain.


The Europa Classic sold in hundreds, and in 1995, the first Europa built by a home constructor was airborne. It was exhibited outside the Department of Trade and Industry who had invested money into the fledgling Europa Aircraft company.

 

Europa


The Monowheel was the first model of the Europa Classic in 1995. With a single retractable wheel in the centre of the fuselage and retractable outriggers on each wing the overall drag of the aircraft is minimised with advantages in speed and economy.


At launch, the Europa XS was available in two versions – the Europa XS Monowheel and the Europa XS Trigear. It had preformed hollow wings, more streamlined cowling, extended tailwheel, enlarged baggage bay and a better balanced spinner. These developments meant extra speed, extra range, extra baggage space and extra comfort. It was also designed to reduce the build time. The Europa XS was named one of the UK's Millennium Products. The XS Monowheel can be supplied with a number of different engines, although recommended are those from Rotax. The Rotax engines range from 80 HP through to 115 HP.


The Europa XS tricycle undercarriage was developed although the fixed undercarriage imposes a slight drag penalty, fitting the optional speed kit minimises this effect resulting in only a very slight reduction in top speed compared to the Europa XS Monowheel.


The nose gear is a castoring fork type with the same size wheel as the main gear. Steering is by differential braking on the main wheels. The nose wheel suspension is a dual system, the secondary safety cable limiting the total movement of the leg should the primary system fail thus minimising the risk of prop strike.


The XS Trigear can be supplied with a number of different engines, although recommended are those from Rotax. The Rotax engines range from 80 HP through to 115 HP.


The construction of the Europa XS is greatly simplified using high-strength, pre-molded sections with pre-structured, panelized wings incorporating special “constructor’s gel-coat finish” ready for final finish; a feature significantly reducing the complexity and building time associated with many composite airplanes.


Europa LSA (Light Sport Aircraft)


The Europa XS is a two seater side-by-side composite monoplane. It has a range and carrying capacity that makes it ideally suited to touring, and has acquired the reputation of being an extremely enjoyable aircraft to fly.


The Europa LSA doesn’t lose any of the handling characteristics of the Europa XS. Compared to other available LSA planes, it is faster, quicker in the climb, and comparatively economical to run. It is designed to be quickly de-rigged and stored on a trailer in a garage - features that many builders take full advantage of. In order to keep all of the style and functionality of the Europa XS, the Europa LSA’s main difference lies in the wing. The LSA wing will be manufactured from carbon fibre and incorporate a leading edge slot.


The inclusion of the slot and the use of carbon gives a weight reduction of 30% whilst maintaining the same wing area. This design reduces the empty weight to below 600 kgs (1320 lbs) MTOW and slightly increases the payload.


Europa launched the Europa Motor Glider and the glider wings can be interchanged with the wings on the Europa XS Monowheel and Trigear, providing a choice.
Over 500 kits have been sold worldwide with over 100 kits under construction in the U.S. In certain countries the MTOW can be increased to 1450 lb (657.7 kg) and the useful load can be increased accordingly.

 

On 7 October 2013 the first Europa (G-BWUP) to be fitted with a UL Power UL260iS 107 Hp engine flew for the first time from a Private strip in Wiltshire, UK. With the test pilot going up for a 30 min first flight and no real probs reported apart from the Constant speed prop needed adjusting. The second flight was a little shorter but the Prop was working well no and the take off roll with one up and half fuel and nil wind was only 220 meters.

 

Engine: Rotax
Wing span: 7.93 m
Wing area: 9.18 sq.m
MAUW: 591 kg
Empty weight: 331 kg
Fuel capacity: 70 lt
Max speed: 259 kph
Cruise speed: 241 kph
Minimum speed: 81 kph
Climb rate: 4.5 m/s
Seats: 2
Fuel consumption: 16.2 lt/hr
Kit price (1998): £15,245

 

Europa XS Monowheel
Wing span (tip to tip) 27.133 ft / 8.270 m
Wing span (inc tip influence) 26.917 ft / 8.204 m
Wing area (inc tip influence) 102.11 sq.ft / 9.485 sq.m
Aspect ratio (inc tip influence) 7.096
Overall length 19.17 ft / 5.843 m
Overall height 4.33 ft / 1.320 m
Baggage space 22.50 cu.ft / 0.637 cu.m
Maximum take-off weight 1370-1450 lb / 621.4-657.7  kg
Empty weight / Useful load (Rotax 912 UL) 793 / 577 lb / 360 / 261 kg
Empty weight / Useful load (Rotax 912 ULS) 835 / 535 lb / 379 / 242 kg
Empty weight / Useful load (Rotax 914 UL) 878 / 492 lb / 398 / 223 kg
Maximum baggage capacity 80 lb / 36 kg
Wing loading at max take-off weight 13.42 lb/sq.ft / 65.52 kg/sq.m
Design +3.80g / -1.90g
Ultimate +8.55g / -4.28g
Stall speed flaps extended: 44 kts / 51 mph / 81 kph
Stall speed clean: 52 kts / 60 mph / 96 kph
Cruise speed 8,000 ft 75 % pwr (Rotax 912 ULS) (TAS): 140 kts / 161 mph / 259 kph
Max cruise speed 10,000 ft (Rotax 914 UL Turbo)(TAS): 174 kts / 200 mph / 322 kph
Rate of climb at 1370 lb gross weight (Rotax 912 ULS): 1000 fpm / 5.08 m/s
Rate of climb at 1370 lb gross weight (Rotax 914 UL Turbo): 1300 fpm / 6.60 m/s
Maximum Fuel (Standard Tank): 15 Imp gal / 18 US gal / 68 Litres
Maximum Fuel (Long Range Tank): 23 Imp gal / 28 US gal / 105 Litres
Fuel burn 55% power / 95–100 kts @ SL (Rotax 912 UL): 2.20 Imp Gal/hr / 2.65 Us Gal/hr / 10.02 Litres/hr
Fuel burn 55% power /103-108 kts @ SL (Rotax 912 ULS): 3.14 Imp Gal/hr / 3.77 Us Gal/hr / 14.28 Litres/hr
Standard Tank Range 55% power (912 UL): 576.2 nm / 663.1 sm / 1067.2 km
With Long Range Tank: 930.1 nm / 1070.4 sm / 1722.6 km
Standard Tank Range 55% power (912 ULS): 416.3 nm / 479.1 sm / 771.0 km
With Long Range Tank: 684.0 nm / 787.2 sm / 1266.8 km

Europa XS Trigear
Wing Span (tip to tip): 27.133 ft / 8.270m
Wing Span (inc tip influence): 26.917 ft / 8.204 m
Wing area (inc tip influence): 102.11 sq.ft / 9.485 sq.m
Aspect Ratio: 7.096
Overall length: 19.17 ft / 5.843 m
Overall height: 7.00 ft / 2.133 m
Baggage space: 22.50 cu.ft / 0.637 cu.m
Maximum take-off weight: 1370 lb / 621.4 kg
Empty weight (Rotax 912 UL): 832 lb / 377 kg
Useful load (Rotax 912 UL): 538 lb / 244 kg
Empty weight (Rotax 912 ULS): 853 lb /387 kg
Useful load (Rotax 912 ULS): 517 lb / 234 kg
Empty weight (Rotax 914 UL): 897 lb / 407 kg
Useful load (Rotax 914 UL): 473 lb / 214 kg
Maximum baggage capacity: 80 lb / 36 kg
Wing loading at max take-off weight: 13.42 lb/sq.ft / 65.52 kg/sq.m
Design Load: +3.80g / -1.90g
Ultimate Load: +8.55g / -4.28g
Stall speed flaps extended: 44 kts / 51 mph / 81 kph
Stall speed clean: 52 kts / 60 mph / 96 kph
Cruise 8,000 ft 75 % pwr (Rotax 912 ULS) (TAS): 135 kts / 155 mph / 250 kph
Max cruise speed 10,000 ft (Rotax 914 UL Turbo)(TAS): 166 kts / 191 mph / 307 kph
Take-off ground roll gross weight (Rotax 912 ULS): 590 Feet / 180 Metres
Take-off ground roll at gross weight (Rotax 914 UL Turbo): 500 Feet / 152 Metres
Landing roll: 600 Feet / 183 Metres
Rate of climb at 1370 lb gross weight (Rotax 912 ULS): 1000 fpm / 5.08 m/s
Rate of climb at 1370 lb gross weight (Rotax 914 UL Turbo): 1300 fpm / 6.60 m/s
Maximum Fuel (Standard Tank): 15 Imp gal / 18 US gal / 68 Litres
Fuel burn 55% power 95-100 kts @ SL (Rotax 912 UL): 2.20 Imp Gal/hr / 2.65 Us Gal/hr / 10.02 Litres/hr
Fuel burn 55% power 103 - 108 kts @ SL (Rotax 912 ULS): 3.14 Imp Gal/hr / 3.77 Us Gal/hr / 14.28 Litres/hr
Standard Tank Range 55% power (Rotax 912 UL): 576.2 nm / 663.1 sm / 1067.2 km
Standard Tank Range 55% power (Rotax 912 ULS): 416.3 nm / 479.1 sm / 771.0 km

 


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