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Etrich Taube

Taube II first prototype


The Etrich Taube was designed by Igo Etrich in 1908 in Austria. After considerable successes, the rights were sold to the German Government, who commissioned Rumpler to produce 20.

These were so successful that the design was standardised for issue to the German Armies.




A training and reconnaissance aircraft, about 500 were ordered from various companies. Those built by Albatros, Gotha and Rumpler had wooden airframes while those produced by DFW and Jeannin had steel structures.



 1913 Etrich Taube


It was built in large scale by Rumpler in Germany and became the first German military aircraft to be used in large scale. A 100hp Mercedes or Argus engine was standard, and no armament was fitted.

The wooden airframe of the Rumpler Taube was fabric covered and wing-warping was used instead of ailerons. The tail surfaces usually comprised a long-chord tailplane ad elevator, fixed fin and a small rudder.


Rumpler 1913 Taube
Taubes were noted for their high flying qualities at the beginning of the War and just before the war began a Rumpler Taube broke the then record by reaching just below 20,000 ft.
Taubes were used operationally in the first nine month of the war, mainly for reconnaissance, and one played a leading role I the Battle of Tannenberg, in East Prussia, by reporting a Russian advance that would have taken the German Army unawares. With clear doping on their fabric covered wings they were relatively invisible at height.
Lt. von Hiddesen dropped five tiny bombs on Paris from a Taube on 30 August 1914, accompanied by a second, piloted by then Lt. Max Immelmann, dropped message inviting the city to surrender.


Rumpler built in 1912-1913 a small number of Taube floatplanes, two with a single float and the others with two floats. It was a pusher, powered by a 100 hp Daimler, and had two floats and a four-blade propeller. The photo was taken at the Johannisthal works in late 1913.




Ultralight replica:
Airdrome Airplanes 1909 Taube



Engine : Argus As I, 99 hp
Length: 33.465 ft / 10.2 m
Height : 10.499 ft / 3.2 m
Wingspan : 45.932 ft / 14.0 m
Wing area : 301.392 sq.ft / 28.0 sq.m
Max take off weight : 1896.3 lb / 860.0 kg
Weight empty : 1323.0 lb / 600.0 kg
Max. weight carried : 573.3 lb / 260.0 kg
Max. speed : 54 kt / 100 km/h
Cruising speed : 49 kt / 90 km/h
Wing load : 6.36 lb/sq.ft / 31.0 kg/sq.m
Range : 162 nm / 300 km
Crew : 2


1909 Etrich Taube (Dove)
Span: 48'7"
Length: 32'9"
Gross 1750 lb
Max speed: 70 mph
Rumpler Taube
Engine: Mercedes, 100 hp
Wingspan: 45 ft 4 in
Length: 26 ft 11 in
Height: 10 ft 2 in
Empty weight: 1323 lb
MTOW: 2005 lb
Max speed: 74 mph at SL
Endurance: 4 hr


Rumpler Taube
Engine: Daimler, 100 hp / Austro-Daimler, 120 hp
Wing span: 46 ft
Wing area: 301 sq.ft
Length: 27 ft 3 in
Height: 9 ft 9 in
Empty weight: 682 lb
Loaded weight: 1323 lb
Wing loading: 4.3 lb/sq.ft
Max speed: 75 mph at SL
Crew: 1-2





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