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Aeronca Aircraft Corp 50 / K Srs / 60 / 65 / L-3 Grasshopper / TG-5 / O-58 / LNR-1

aeroncl3
L-3B (O-58B)


The Aeronca C-3 evolved into the Aeronca K Scout in 1937, the prototype being X17440.

The model 50C Chief was the first lightplane to fly non-stop from Los Angeles to New York City, on 19-39 November 1938, covering 2,785 miles in 30h 47m, avg: 90mph (registration NX21300 and piloted by Johnnie Jones).
The 1941 L-3 and O-58 Grasshopper was the military version of 65 with a greenhouse cabin and 65hp Continental YO/O-170-3. Performance and specifications were similar to the civil models. Originally designated as O-type but changed to L- in 1942. L-3D to -3J were impressed by USAAF.
The difference between the L and LA models was that the 50L had exposed cylinders, while the 50LA had a closed cowling. There were 65 50L and 20 50LA models built, some for the USAAF as the L-3.

The KM Chief evolved into the one 50M Chief built, NC21070.

The 50TC and 50TL Tandem (T-series) of 1939 were the first tandem Aeronca as competition for the Piper Cub. A total of 16 were built.

aeronca50c
50C


In turn, the K evolved into the SOC Chief in 1938.

In 1939, the 65-series appeared and featured the 65 hp Continental option. The 65TC Defender (112 built), a tandem two-seat trainer, was widely used throughout the war, particularly in the Civilian Pilot Training Program. The CPTP and CAP versions were the 65TAC of which 154 were built. The Model L-3, the military version of the same airplane, featured a wider fuselage and larger window area to facilitate its role as an observation plane. Although provided with dual controls, the L-3 was designed to be flown from the front seat. The observer’s seat might face forward or aft. Many of the planes reached civilian hands after World War II.
The 65C Chief and 65CA Super Chief differed by the 65CA having an optional 8-USG auxiliary fuel tank and other deluxe appointments. The 65C price was US$1,795, and the 65CA US$1,895. Of the 279 model 65C built, many were impressed by USAAF as the O-58/L-3 in 1942. A total of 655 65CA models were built.
87 of the 65LA Chief and 199 of the 65LB Super Chief model were built.

aeronca65taf
65TAF


65TAF was CPTP and CAP versions of the 65TF with 59 of the 65TF built, and 115 of the 65TAF during 1940.
299 of the 65TL Tandem and 65TAL Defender were built plus military versions: 4 YO-58, 20 O-58, 701 L-3B, and 499 L-3C, plus 253 TG-5 gliders to AAF. The 65TAL was CPTP and CAP version with 100 built.

aeroncatg5
TG-5
 


Variants:


K
1937
Engine: Aeronca E-113C, 36 hp         
Gross weight: 1040lb
Empty weight: 590lb                 
Fuel capacity: 10 USG
Top speed: 80 mph                 
Cruise speed: 70 mph
Stall speed: 35 mph                 
Initial climb rate: 400 fpm
Service ceiling: 12,500 ft             
Range: 175 nm


K

Engine: Aeronca E-113C, 42hp         
Wing span: 36 ft 0 in
Length: 20 ft 7 in             
Payload: 450 lb
Max speed: 93 mph                
Cruise speed: 85
Stall speed: 38 mph                
Range: 255 nm
Price 1937: US$1,480            
Price 1938: US$1,745
Seats: 2                
Number built: 344

KC Scout
1937
Engine: Continental A-40, 40hp         
Wing span: 36 ft 0 in
Length: 20 ft 7 in             
Payload: 452 lb
Max speed: 93 mph                
Cruise speed: 85
Stall speed: 35 mph                
Range: 225 nm
Price 1937: US$1,590            
Price 1939: US$1,295
Number built: 34
Float version was the two-door KC Sea Scout

KCA Chief
1938
Engine: Continental A-50, 50hp         
Wing span: 36 ft 0 in
Length: 21 ft 1 in            
Payload:    450 lb
Max speed: 100 mph                
Cruise speed: 90
Stall speed: 35 mph                
Range: 250 nm
Price std: US$1,695            
Price, 65hp: US$1,795
Number built: 62                 
Seats: 2
Evolved into the wide-cabin 50C Chief

KF Chief
1938
Engine: Franklin 4AC, 50hp         
Wing span: 36 ft 0 in
Length: 20 ft 7 in            
Payload: 452 lb
Max speed: 100 mph                
Cruise speed: 90
Stall speed: 35 mph                
Range: 225 nm
Price: US$1,595            
Number built: 5
Seats: 2
Evolved into 50F Chief

KM Chief
1938
Engine: Menasco M-50, 50hp          
Wing span: 36 ft 0 in
Length: 20 ft 7 in            
Payload: 452 lb
Max speed: 100 mph                
Cruise speed: 90
Stall speed: 35 mph                
Range: 250 nm
Seats: 2                
Price: US$1,590
Number built: 9
Evolved into 50M Chief

KS Sea Scout

1937
Engine: Continental A-40, 40hp         
Wing span: 36 ft 0 in
Length: 20 ft 7 in             
Seats: 2
Number built: 13
A float version of the KC model

50C Chief
1938 (ATC 675)         
Engine: Continental A-50, 50hp        
Wing span: 36 ft 0 in  
Length: 21 ft 1 in              
Payload: 460 lb
Max speed: 100 mph                
Cruise speed: 90 mph
Stall speed: 36 mph                
Range: 270 nm
Seats: 2                 
Number built: 248
Price 1938: US$1,795            
Price 1939: US$1,695
Improved KCA with a wider cabin.

50F Chief
1938 (ATC 688)
Engine: Franklin 4AC, 50hp.         
Number built: 40

50L, 50LA Chief / L-3
1938 (ATC 702)
Engine: Lycoming O-145, 50hp        
Wing span: 36 ft 0 in
Length: 21 ft 1 in              
Payload: 460 lb
Max speed: 95 mph                
Cruise speed: 88 mph
Stall speed: 35 mph                
Range: 275 nm
Price: US$1,695

50M Chief
1938 (ATC 676)
Engine: Menasco M-50, 50hp        
Wing span: 36 ft 0 in  
Length: 21 ft 0 in              
Payload: 460 lb
Max speed: 100 mph                
Cruise speed: 90 mph
Stall speed: 36 mph                
Range: 250 nm
Price: US$1,695

50TC Tandem
1939 (ATC 728)
Engine: Continental, 50hp            
Wing span: 35 ft 0 in  
Length: 22 ft 4 in            
Seats: 2

50TL Tandem
1939 (ATC 728)
Engine: Lycoming, 50hp            
Wing span: 35 ft 0 in  
Length: 22 ft 4 in            
Seats: 2

60TF, 60TL Tandem, O-58B
1940 (ATC 728)
Gross weight: 1260 lb                 
Empty weight: 793lb
Fuel capacity: 12 USG                 
Top speed: 95 mph
Cruise speed: 87 mph                  
Landing speed: 42 mph  
Range: 25 nm                  
Initial climb rate: 450 fpm
Service ceiling: 10,000 ft                
Number built: 118

60TF Tandem
Engine: Franklin, 60hp            
Wing span: 35 ft 0 in  
Length: 22 ft 4 in            
Seats: 2
Gross weight: 1260 lb                 
Empty weight: 793lb
Fuel capacity: 12 USG                 
Top speed: 95 mph
Cruise speed: 87 mph                  
Landing speed: 42 mph  
Range: 25 nm                  
Initial climb rate: 450 fpm
Service ceiling: 10,000 ft

60TL Tandem
Engine: Lycoming, 60hp            
Wing span: 35 ft 0 in  
Length: 22 ft 4 in            
Seats: 2
Gross weight: 1260 lb                 
Empty weight: 793lb
Fuel capacity: 12 USG                 
Top speed: 95 mph
Cruise speed: 87 mph                  
Landing speed: 42 mph  
Range: 25 nm                  
Initial climb rate: 450 fpm
Service ceiling: 10,000 ft

O-58B
Engine: Continental A-65, 65 hp        
Wing span: 35 ft 0 in  
Length: 22 ft 4 in            
Seats: 2
Gross weight: 1260 lb                 
Empty weight: 793lb
Fuel capacity: 12 USG                 
Top speed: 95 mph
Cruise speed: 87 mph                  
Landing speed: 42 mph  
Range: 25 nm                  
Initial climb rate:    450 fpm
Service ceiling: 10,000 ft

65TC / 65TAC Defender
1940 (ATC 728)
Engine: Continental A-65, 65 hp         
Wing span: 35 ft 0 in  
Length: 22 ft 4 in              
Gross weight: 1260lb
Empty weight: 793lb                
Payload: 423 lb
Fuel capacity: 12 USG              
Top speed: 94 mph
Cruise speed: 80 mph                
Stall speed: 35 mph  
Range: 225 nm                 
Initial climb rate: 450 fpm  
Service ceiling: 10,000 ft             
Seats: 2
Price: US$1,695

L-3J
Engine: Continental A-65-7, 65 hp
One impressed 65TC

L-3E
Engine: Continental A-65-8, 65
Twelve impressed 65TC

65C Chief, 65CA Super Chief
1938 (ATC 675)
Engine: Continental A-65, 65hp         
Wing span: 36 ft 0 in  
Length: 21 ft 0 in              
Payload: 480 lb
Max speed: 105 mph                
Cruise speed: 95 mph
Stall speed: 37 mph                
Range: 260 nm
Seats: 2 side-by-side     

L-3F
Engine: Continental A-65-8, 65 hp
Ninteen impressed Super Chief

65LA Chief
1939 (ATC 702)
Engine: Lycoming, 65hp

65LB Super Chief
1940 (ATC 702)
Engine: Lycoming O-145, 65hp

L-3G
Engine: Lycoming O-145-B1, 65 hp
Four impressed Super Chief

65TF Tandem, 65TAF Defender
1940 (ATC 728)
Engine: Franklin 4AC, 65hp

L-3D
Engine: Franklin AC-167, 65 hp
Eleven impressed 65TF

65TL Tandem / 65TAL Defender / O-58 / L-3C
1940 (ATC 728)
Engine: Lycoming O-145-B1, 65hp

L-3H
Engine: Lycoming O-145-B1, 65hp
One impressed 65TL

L-3C
No radio, weight reduction. 490 built; additionally 253 built as TG-5 gliders

TG-5 / XLNR-1
65TL Tandem / 65TAL Defender Army Air Force glider version.
Number built: 253
3 transferred to USN as XLNR-1 (36422/36424).

L-3 (O/YO-58)
Engine: Continental O-170-3, 65 hp    
Length: 20.997 ft / 6.4 m
Height: 7.677 ft / 2.34 m            
Wingspan: 35.07 ft / 10.67 m
Wing area: 158.016 sq.ft / 14.680 sq.m    
MTOW: 1301.0 lb / 590.0 kg
Weight empty: 835.7 lb / 379.0 kg        
Max speed: 76 kts / 140 km/h
Cruising speed: 40 kts / 74 km/h            
Service ceiling: 10007 ft / 3050 m
Wing load: 8.2 lb/sq.ft / 40.0 kg/sq.m        
Range: 174 nm / 322 km
Number built: 54 (42-456/459, 43-2809/2858).

L-3A (O-58A)
Number built: 20 (42-7793/7812)

L-3B (O-58B)
Number built: 875 (42-14713/14797, -36075/36324, -38458/38497, 43-26754/27253 )

 

 

 


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