Main Menu

DFS Olympia Meise / 108 Olympia

Nord 2000
Elliotts of Newbury / EoN Type 5


Prototype Meise. Darmstadt 1938


After the Olympic games in Berlin in 1936 introduced gliding as an Olympic sport, plans were made to fly the 1940 Olympic championships with a standard design of sailplane to give each pilot the same chances. The FAI (Federation Aeronautique Internationale) duly announced a design competition for what was to be the Olympic sailplane. This specified a span of 15m (49ft 2.5 in), an empty weight of 160kg (353lb), a payload of 95kg (209lb) and a maximum speed of 200km/hour (124mph); only one material was to be used for construction throughout, air brakes were to be fitted but flaps or a retractable undercarriage were not allowed.
The competition was held at Sezze airfield in Italy between 20–26 February 1939 and was duly won by the Meise which had first flown earlier that year and which, like the other competing aircraft, was evaluated by six well known pilots from several other European countries.
The Meise had been redesigned to fit into the new Olympic class specifications. The new 'Olympia' Meise had the prescribed wingspan of 15 m (49 ft 2 in), spoilers, but no flaps, and an undercarriage consisting of a skid and a non-retractable wheel. The pilot sat all-enclosed in an aerodynamically clean fuselage made of laminated wood and topped by an acrylic glass hood. The plane could be launched by winch as well by airplane. Its wood-and-fabric construction made it easy for flying clubs to maintain, to repair and even to build the gliders from kits.Approach control is by top and bottom Surface Schemmpp-Hirth type airbrakes. The original version used a takeoff dolly.
The Meise was in many respects a classic design with excellent flying qualities; its high cantilever wing was of wood and fabric construction and had DFS air brakes, while the fabric-covered wooden fuselage had a landing skid under the forward part, and the pilot sat under a detachable framed cockpit canopy in line with the wing leading edge.
When the Meise first flew it soon aroused interest in many countries in the few months before war broke out, and the German Aero Club supplied design details to a number of prospective customers.




Both the Meise as well as the Olympic class gained immediate enthusiastic support, and the 1940 Olympic gliding championship would probably have ended up as an all-Meise contest — if the Second World War had not intervened and the 1940 Olympics had not been cancelled.
626 Olympia Meises were built in Germany during the war by Flugzeugbau Ferdinand Schmetz Herzogenrath (601 built) and Flugzeugbau Schleicher (25). Most of the German production were among the 15,000 German gliders destroyed in 1945. 17 were also built at the time in Sweden.
DFS 108 Olympia OH-OAA
The Meise, also sometimes known by the designation 108-70, set a pattern that lasted well into the postwar years, for it was built in France after the war as the Nord 2000. By November 1947, 100 Nord 2000 were ordered into production.
In Britain the design of the Olympia Meise was taken up by Chilton Aircraft Ltd., Elliotts of Newbury produced (as the EoN Type 5) the original skid version, and a modified version (Olypia 2B) with non-retractable main wheel.
The German drawings were not detailed and so entirely new drawings were made. Elliotts had been asked in 1945 by Chilton Aircraft Ltd to make one set of wings for the Chilton Olympia. An entirely new drawings were made by Chilton that merely retained the Meise Olympia's aerodynamic shape. Otherwise it was a complete re-design and resulted in a stronger and heavier (+30 kg) aircraft.
To maintain employment at their factory, Elliotts refused to sell the wing jigs that they had made for the prototype. After building one prototype, which flew in 1946, the rights and drawings of the Chilton aircraft were taken up by Elliotts of Newbury (EoN) in the UK. Their first EoN Olympia flew in 1947. Later variations were produced by Elliotts into the late 1950s.
Production of the Olympia (originally called Type 5) started in 1946 as a batch of 100, and the first flight was made in January 1947. Elliotts and their design consultants Aviation & Engineering Products Ltd made improvements to the original design before starting production. Marks 1, 2 and 3 were produced, mainly distinguishable by the landing gear. The Mark 1 had only a skid whereas the Olympia 2 had a built-in main wheel. The Eon Olympia 3's wheel was jettisonable after take off. The first batch of 100 was completed in 1947 but the market could not absorb such a large number, despite the low price of £425. Even by 1953, 40 of the first 100 Olympias were still unsold. Nevertheless, a second batch of 50 was built. Gliders from the second batch were still being offered for sale for £800 as late as 1957 in order to clear the stock, despite being below cost price.

After building three marks of the Olympia, another improved version, called the EoN Olympia 4 was produced in 1954. This is regarded as being sufficiently different from the original as being a new type. This type in turn led to a succession of variants.

The Olympia was also built after the war in Germany, in the Netherlands, in Spain, Switzerland (12), Hungary (35) with a further twenty modified as the Cinke, Australia (3), Austria and in Czechoslovakia as the Zlin Z-25 Šohaj, and Brazil (07).
The Vintage Sailplane Association has plans.
Structure: wood/fabric wings and tail, wood fuselage.
Over 952 were built in total.
DFS Olympia Meise
The original design for the 1940 Olympic gliding competition; built in large numbers during and after World War II, in Germany, Sweden, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Hungary, Austria and Brazil.
Chilton Olympia 2
A single prototype built in England, by Chilton Aircraft, in 1946.
Elliotts of Newbury EoN Olympia
Further production in the UK after Elliotts acquired the rights to the design from Chilton.
EoN Type 5 Olympia 1: Improved Olympia-Meise. Landing skid.
EoN Type 5 Olympia 2: Fixed monowheel.
EoN Type 5 Olympia 3: Jestisonable dolly wheels and skid.
EoN Type 5 Olympia 4: New wing section, NACA 643618 at root, NACA 643421 at tip.
Nord 2000
Production in France post-war.
Zlin Z-25 Šohaj
Production in Czechoslovakia post-war.
A modified version built in Hungary post-war.
Elliots of Newbury (EoN) EoN 10 Olympia
Zlin Z-25 Šohaj
DFS Meise
Wing span: 15.0 m / 49 ft 2.5 in
Length: 7.27 m / 23 ft 10 in
Wing area: 15.0 sq.m / 161.5 sq ft
Wing section: Gottingen 549/676
Aspect ratio: 15.0
Empty weight: 160 kg / 353 lb
Max weight: 255 kg / 562 lb
Water ballast: None
Max wing loading: 17.0 kg/sq.m / 3.48 lb/sq ft
Max speed: 119 kt / 220 km/h
Stalling speed: 29.5 kt / 55 km/h
Min sinking speed: 0.67 m/sec / 2.2 ft/sec at 32 kt / 59 km/h
Best glide ratio: 25.5 at 37 kt / 69 km/h


DFS Olympia Meise
Length: 23.852 ft / 7.27 m
Wingspan: 49.213 ft / 15.0 m
Aspect ratio: 15.00
Airfoil: Go 549, root; 676, tip
Wing area: 161.46 sq.ft / 15.0 sq.m
Max take off weight: 661.5 lb / 300.0 kg
Weight empty: 452.0 lb / 205.0 kg
Max. weight carried: 209.5 lb / 95.0 kg
Max. speed: 108 kts / 200 km/h
Landing speed: 30 kts / 55 km/h
Cruising speed: 35 kts / 65 km/h
Wing loading: 4.1 lb/sq.ft / 20.0 kg/sq.m
MinSink: 0.70 m/s / 2.3 fps / 1.36 kt at 37mph
L/DMax: 25 66 kph/ 36 kt / 41 mph
Glide ratio: 25.5:1 at 42.5mph
Crew: 1


Olympia Meise 51
Wingspan: 15 m (49 ft 3 in)
Wing area: 15 m2 (160 sq ft)
Aspect ratio: 1.5
Length: 7.3 m (23 ft 11 in)
Width: 0.58 m (1 ft 11 in) maximum fuselage width
Empty weight: 165 kg (364 lb) equipped
Max takeoff weight: 290 kg (639 lb)
Never exceed speed: 220 km/h (137 mph; 119 kn)
Aerotow speed: 100 km/h (62.1 mph; 54.0 kn)
Winch launch speed: 80 km/h (49.7 mph; 43.2 kn)
Maximum glide ratio: 25 at 70 km/h (43.5 mph; 37.8 kn)
Rate of sink: 0.67 m/s (132 ft/min) at 60 km/h (37.3 mph; 32.4 kn)
Wing loading: 17 kg/m2 (3.5 lb/sq ft)
Crew: 1
EoN Olympia 2
Wingspan: 49 ft 3 in (15 m)
Wing area: 160 sq ft (15 sq.m)  
Aspect ratio: 15
Airfoil: root:Göttingen 549 (mod.), tip:Göttingen 676
Length: 21 ft 8 in (6.61 m)
Empty weight: 430 lb (195 kg)
Max takeoff weight: 670 lb (304 kg)
Stall speed: 31 mph; 27 kn (50 km/h)
Never exceed speed: 129 mph; 112 kn (208 km/h)
Rough air speed max: 128 km/h (79.5 mph; 69.1 kn)
Aerotow speed: 100 km/h (62.1 mph; 54.0 kn)
Winch launch speed: 100 km/h (62.1 mph; 54.0 kn)
Maximum glide ratio: ~25 at 72.5 km/h (45.0 mph; 39.1 kn)
Rate of sink: 132 ft/min (0.67 m/s) at 63 km/h (39.1 mph; 34.0 kn)
Wing loading: 4.1 lb/sq ft (20 kg/sq.m)
Crew: 1




Copyright © 2023 all-aero. All Rights Reserved.
Joomla! is Free Software released under the GNU General Public License.
slot gacor
rtp slot