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Dassault
Dassault Belgique Aviation SA / SABCA

 

French transport, utility and trainer aircraft. When Marcel Dassault (the prewar Marcel Bloch) recovered from his wartime experience in Buchenwald concentration camp, he set up in the aircraft business with a factory at Talence and a scheme for his universal twin-engined machine. Civil markets proved elusive, but the Armee de l'Air bought considerable numbers.
Marcel Dassault designed under his original name, Marcel Bloch, before the Second World War. It was not until after World War II that Marcel Bloch, born a Jew, converted to Catholicism and changed his name to Dassault.
The surviving private portion of Bloch became Dassault in 1948.
As Avions Marcel Dassault built the MD 315 Flamant light transport for the Armee de l'Air in 1945. A successful line of fighters for France and export began with the Ouragan (1949); followed by swept-wing Mystere (1952). Afterburning Super-Mystere (1959) was first European supersonic production aircraft. Etendard naval fighter appeared 1958. Large family of aircraft included Mirage prototype (1956), Mirage III (1958), Mirage IV supersonic bomber (1959), Mirage V (1967), Mirage III/VVTOL strike fighter prototype (1965), F2 interceptor (1966), and G8 variable-geometry prototypes (1967), Mirage F1 (1966), and Milan (1969). Also produced Mercure airliner (1971) and successful executive Falcon 10 (1970), and 20 (1963) twin jets (originally called Mystere; U.S. production called fan Jet Falcon). Involved in formation of Air-Fouga (Etablissements Fouga), 1956.
Dassault acquired majority holding in Breguet Aviation, becoming Avions Marcel Dassault-Breguet Aviation on 14 December 1971.
The Dassault name was adopted in 1990 for the former Avions Marcel Dassault-Breguet Aviation, with programs including Atlantique 2, Mirage 2000, Rafale air-superiority  and strike fighter for the French Air Force and Navy (first flown July 1986), Falcon 50 series, Falcon 900 series and Falcon 2000 (first flown March 1993).

 


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