Curtiss CW-22 / SNC-1 Falcon
Two CW-19 company demonstrators were built, c/n 19R-10 (N16417) in January 1937 and A19R-14 (NC16421) also in 1937. N16417 was later converted to CW-22 specifications and sold in May 1940.
This aeroplane was developed within the context of the US Navy’s enormous increase in pilot training during 1940, and an advanced combat trainer evolved from the CW-19 light fighter and trainer project with features such as retractable landing gear from the CW-21 Demon export fighter. The CW-22 prototype resembled the CW-21 with a longer, two-seat fuselage but considerably lower power in the form of the 313-kW (420-hp) Wright R-975 Whirlwind radial.
The landing gear had main units retracting rearward into underwing fairings as on the CW-21 single-seat interceptor. Powered by a 313kW Wright R-975 Whirlwind radial, 36 CW-22s were exported to the Netherlands East Indies, but due to the Japanese advance in that region were delivered to the Dutch in northern Australia during March 1942.
A developed CW-22B version was sold to Turkey (50); the Netherlands East Indies (25); and various Latin American countries (totalling about 25). Several Dutch aircraft were later captured and flown by the Japanese. Both the CW-22 and CW-22B were armed with two machine-guns, one fixed and the other flexibly mounted.
After a demonstrator had been tested by the US Navy, a CW-22N advanced training version went into production. The US Navy applied the designation SNC-1 Falcon to the type, a total of 455 being purchased in three batches of 150, 150 and 155 respectively; the aircraft of the third batch had a modified, higher cockpit canopy. The initial order for 150 aircraft was later bolstered by five impressed aircraft. Many SNC-1s were sold to private owners in the USA after World War II.
Some 136 CW-22s were exported.
CW-22 / SNC-1
Engine: one Wright R-975-28 Whirlwind radial, 420 hp (313 kW)
Max take-off weight: 1718 kg / 3788 lb
Loaded weight: 1241 kg / 2736 lb
Wingspan: 10.67 m / 35 ft 0 in
Length: 8.23 m / 27 ft 0 in
Height: 3.02 m / 9 ft 11 in
Wing area: 16.14 sq.m / 173.73 sq ft
Max. speed: 319 km/h / 198 mph
Ceiling: 6645 m / 21800 ft
Operational range: 1255 km / 780 miles
Armament: 2 x 7.62mm machine-guns