The first original aircraft design produced by the Industria Aeronautica Romana (I.A.R), established in 1925, was the CV-11 single-seat fighter completed and flown, in 1930. Designed by Elie Carafoli and a French engineer, M Virmoux, the CV-11 was of mixed construction and powered by a 600hp 12-cylinder W-type Lorraine 12Fa Courlis engine. Armament was two 7.7mm Vickers machine guns.
After completion of the initial flight test programme, the Lorraine engine was replaced by a 500hp Hispano-Suiza 12Mc 12-cylinder Vee-type and it was tested at Jstres during the first quarter of 1931. It then returned to Romania, where, on 9 December 1931, the CV-11 made an attempt on the 500km closed-circuit speed record. An engine failure necessitated a forced landing in which the pilot, Capt Romeo Popescu, was killed. Further development of the basic design by Carafoli led to the I.A.R.12.
Take-off weight: 1510 kg / 3329 lb
Empty weight: 1100 kg / 2425 lb
Wingspan: 11.50 m / 37 ft 9 in
Length: 6.98 m / 22 ft 11 in
Height: 2.46 m / 8 ft 1 in
Wing area: 18.20 sq.m / 195.90 sq ft
Max. speed: 329 km/h / 204 mph