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Cessna CE-190 / U-20 / LC-126 / CE-195

 

cessna190
CE-190
 

The T-50 lived on long past its time in the form of Cessna's very first postwar project, the Model 190.
The prototype 190 was essentially a pre-war Cessna Airmaster airframe with metal wings and tail and leftover T-50 engine, prop and cowling. After a brief pause to rush out the two-seat 120/140, Cessna returned to the 190 project. They decided to go all-metal on the fuselage as well as the wings and tail, replaced the T-50 engine with a 300-hp Jacobs under a distinctive tight-fitting, dimpled cowl and produced the last of the classics - the Cessna 190, their very first all-metal airplane. Unique amongst postwar Cessna single-engined light-planes in being powered by radial engines.

 

cessna195
CE-195


Sharing the same airframe as the CE-190, the 195 offered a choice of three Jacob radial engines, including the 179kW Continental R-670-23.
The two types were produced in parallel between 1947 and 1954.
The 190 series came from the factory with 4 different engines:
the Jacobs R 755-A2 at 300 hp (223.71 KW)
the Jacobs R755-B2 at 275 hp
the Jacobs R755-9 at 245 hp
the 240 hp Continental W670-23.


If it was factory fitted with a Jacobs the data plate said it was a 195 (with appropriate dash number) and if it started life with a Continental it was called a 190. The Continental was really the old 220 hp (164.05 kw) rated 240 hp for 2 minutes for takeoff. The TC data sheets in effect say that all SN airframes are elegible for all these engines. There have been modifications, some STC's and some "one time STC's" and possibly 337's to put the Continental IO 470 flat 6 cylinder in the airframe as well as the L6 Jacobs rated at 330 hp. Also some have been fitted with the R985 P&W at 450 hp.
Built 1947 to 1954, a total of 204 model 190 were built.
Production Models of the 195 built in 1953 and 1954 were identifiable by their close-cowled engines, a small propeller spinner, and an increase of 50% in the area of the flaps let into the undersurfaces of the high-set unbraced wings. The series is also notable for the fact that it introduced Cessna's now-celebrated spring-steel main landing gear legs.
There were 6 versions of the 195:
195 (300hp Jacobs R755-A2 engine)
195A (240hp R755-L4)
195B (275hp R755-B2)
LC-126A (US Air Force version - 15 built)
LC-126B (US Army National Guard - 5 built)
LC-126C (US Army - 63 built).

All 83 LCs were equipped with the 300hp Jacobs R755-A2 engines. The differences between the three LC variants were mostly minor: i.e. different radios & instruments. However, the LC-126C version included a double-width baggage door for use in loading/unloading stretcher (litter) patients when used in an airborne ambulance role. The U.S.A.F. has acquired a number of these aircraft for Arctic rescue duties, with interchangeable wheel, float and ski undercarriage.

890 CE-195s were produced 1947-1957, plus 83 delivered to the military as U-20, LC-126, LC-126B and LC-126Cs.

The 195 has an important AD Note calling for rebuild of the center spar.

 

Cesn-195

Cessna 195


190
Engine: Jacobs R 755-A2, 300 hp (223.71 KW)

190
Engine: Jacobs R755-B2, 275 hp

190
Engine: Jacobs R755-9, 245 hp

190
Engine: Continental W670-23, 240 hp.

195
Engine: Jacobs R755-A2, 300hp / 183kW
TBO (hrs.): 1200
Fuel type: 80 octane (minimum)
Propeller type: Ham Std. CS/2-blade
Wing span: 36 ft 2 in. / 11.02 m
Length: 27 ft 4 in. / 8.33 m
Height: 7 ft 2 in. / 2.18 m
Wing area: 20.26 sq.m / 218.08 sq ft
Wing loading: 15.36 lbs/sq.ft.
Empty weight, std. (lbs.): 2030
Useful load, std. (lbs.): 1320
Gross wt: 3350 lbs. / 1520 kg
Landing weight (lbs.): 3350
Max ramp weight (lbs.): 3350
Useful load: 1250 lbs.
Usable fuel (USgals.): 82
Payload, full std. fuel (lbs.): 828
Pwr loading: 11.16 lbs/hp.
Baggage cap: 220 lbs.
Max speed: 161 kts / 185 mph.
Cruise speed 75% power: 143 kt   
Fuel consumption 75% power: 14.3 USgph
Stall: 54 kts / 62 mph.
Best rate of climb (SL fpm): 1210
Service ceiling: 18,300 ft.
Range (75 USG): 800 sm.
Takeoff over 50 ft. obstacle (ft.):1500
Landing over 50 ft. obstacle (ft.): 1495   
Wheel size (in.): 6.5 x 10
Seating capacity: 5
Cabin doors: 1
Cabin width (in.): 46
Cabin height (in.): 48
Landing gear type: Conv./Fixed

195A
Engine: 240hp R755-L4

1952 CE-195B Businessliner
Engine: Jacobs R-755-B2, 275 hp.
TBO hr: 1200
Fuel type: 100LL
Propeller type: Ham Std 2B20
Landing gear type: Fixed/Conv.
Max ramp weight (lbs.): 3350
Gross weight (lbs.): 3350
Landing weight (lbs.): 3350
Empty weight, std. (lbs.): 2050
Useful load (lbs.): 1300
Payload, full std. fuel (lbs.): 845
Usable fuel, std. (USgals.): 80
Wingspan: 36 ft. 2 in.
Overall length: 27 ft. 3 in.
Height: 7 ft. 2 in.
Wing area (sq. ft.): 218
Wing loading (lbs./sq. ft.): 15.4
Power loading (lbs./hp.): 11.1
Seating capacity: 5
Cabin doors: 2
Baggage capacity (lbs.): 220
Cruise speed 75% power, 7,000 ft: 143 kts
Max Range (w/reserve): 583 nm
Fuel consumption: 13 to 15 USgph
Estimated endurance, 65%: 6 hrs
Vso: 54 kts
Best rate of climb: 1135 fpm
Best rate of climb, 8,000 ft: 550 fpm
Service ceiling: 16,250 ft
Takeoff over 50-ft. obstacle: 1605 ft
Landing over 50-ft. obstacle: 1495 ft

LC-126A
Engine: Jacobs R-755-A2, 300 hp.
Span: 36 ft. 2 in
Weight: 3,350 lb
Max. Speed: 180 m.p.h.
Seats: 4-5
Range: over 750 miles at 165 m.p.h.
15 built

LC-126B
Engine: Jacobs R-755-A2, 300 hp
Span: 36 ft. 2 in.
Length: 27 ft. 4 in.
Height: 8 ft. 4 in.
Weight: 3,350 lbs. loaded
Armament: None
Crew: One
Passengers: Four
5 built

LC-126C

Engine: Jacobs R-755-A2, 300 hp.
63 built

 


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