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Cessna CE-177 Cardinal

 

cessnaca177rg
CE-177RG


Cessna introduced the Cardinal in late 1967 as an all new design, fixed-gear model, aimed at producing a better model 172 with a performance closer to the more powerful model 182.


The number 172 was assigned to the Cardinal early in its development, and there was actually thought that it might replace the Skyhawk. But the Cardinal's number was increased to 177, and any plan to drop the Skyhawk was halted. The engine in the Skyhawk was upgraded, from a 145-horsepower Continental to a 112kW / 150-hp Lycoming O-320-E21D. This engine was also used in the Cardinal, resulting in commonality between the two.


There were mechanical problems with such things as the flaps, and there was a major problem with handling qualities. Some of the airplanes were broken on landing, and it became clear that the Cardinal's stabilator (Cessna's first and last) was a bit sensitive for pilots used to other Cessnas. There were indications too, that the stabilator could stall under some circumstances, resulting in hard hits on the runway. All Cardinals were recalled for modifications and the primary fix was the addition of an inverted slot in the stabilator.


With the 1969 model, the Cardinal's horsepower was increased to 180, and to make it fly better at low speeds led the manufacturer to recontouring the singlespar semi-laminar airfoil section to provide a more rounded, conventional leading edge (a "modified 2400 series."). This was a major and very successful redesign, making the 1970 and subsequent Cardinals very different machines from those of the first two model years. In 1970, Cessna began offering two versions of the airplane: one with retractable gear and a 200-hp engine, plus a 180-hp, fixed-gear version.


In 1971 Cardinal II and Cardinal RG II versions appeared, these differing by having more comprehensive equipment as standard.


The 1972 models differ externally from those of the previous year by a more more efficient prop blade section (Clark Y airfoil section) and by a boarding assist step. On 1971 models it is a round strut below each door opening, with a step at the bottom. For 1972 the step is welded to the gear leg so it goes out of the slipstream when, the gear is retracted. Between them, these two changes are credited by Cessna with making the 1972 RG a full five mph faster in cruise than the 1971 models.


On the floor is a simple fuel selector system, an on-off valve which feeds from both of the 25-gallon wing tanks, but does not give you the option of draining one at a time.
In 1976 the Model 177 was withdrawn, the Cardinal becoming regarded as the basic model of the remaining four versions. Two years later the Cardinal also disappeared, the Cardinal II being renamed the Cardinal Classic. Over 1000 were sold in the first year but sales fell and a total of only 2500 were completed by the time the design was dropped in 1978. The 1977 new Cardinal was priced at US$32,600; Cardinal II, US$35,350, and Cardinal H with "Nav Pac," US$39,200.


Total production of the retractable undercarriage 177RG reached 1366 by 1978 when it was replaced by the 172RG Cutlass. Of all Cardinals delivered, about half were sold in the late 1960s, rather than the 1970s.

C-177 Cardinal
Engine: O-320 E2D, 150 hp @2700@SL
TBO: 2000 hr
Fuel Type: 80/87 Avgas
Propeller: fixed/76 in
Landing gear type: Fixed/tri
Max ramp weight: 2350 lb
Gross weight: 2350 lb
Landing weight: 2350 lb
Empty weight, std: 1415 lb
Empty weight, as tested: 1481 lb
Useful load, std: 935 lb
Payload, full std. fuel: 641 lb
Usable fuel, std. (gals.): 49
Wingspan: 35 ft. 7.5 in.
Overall length: 26 ft. 11.5 in.
Height: 9 ft. 1 in
Wing area:173 sq. ft
Wing loading: 13.6 lb/sq. ft
Power loading: 15.7 lbs./hp
Wheel track: 8 ft. 3.5 in
Wheel size, nose: 5.00x5 in
Wheel size, mains: 6.00x6 in
Seating capacity: 4
Cabin doors: 2
Baggage capacity:120 lb
Cruise speed 75% power (w/ reserve 5.6 hr): 117 kt
Cruise speed 55% power (w/ reserve 7.7 hr): 110 kt
Max cruise speed: 125 kt
Range: 591 nm
Fuel consumption, 75%: 8.5 USgph
Vs: 55 kt
Vso: 46 kt
Best rate of climb: 670 fpm
Service ceiling: 12,700 ft
Takeoff ground roll: 845 ft
Takeoff over 50-ft. obstacle: 1575 ft
Landing ground roll: 400 ft
Landing over 50-ft. obstacle: 1135 ft

CE-177B
Engine: Lycoming, 180 hp.
Prop: Fixed pitch.
Undercarriage: Fixed tricycle.
Seating Capacity: 4.
Fuel Capacity: 61 US Gal.
Max Level Speed; 139 kts / 160 mph.
Cruise 75% power; 130 kts / 150 mph.
Stall; 46 kts / 53 mph.
Max Range; 675 nm / 776 sm.
Fuel 65% power; 7.6 US Gal/hr.
Best Rate of Climb: 840 fpm.
Service Ceiling; 14,600 ft.
Take-off 50ft; 1,400 ft
Landing 50ft; 1,220 ft
Useful load; 875 lbs.
Power loading; 13.9 lbs / hp.
Wing Loading; 14.5 lbs / sq.ft.
Wing span: 35 ft 6 in.
Length: 26 ft 11.5 in.
Height: 9 ft 1in.
Empty wt: 1430 lbs.
Max wt: 2500 lbs
Baggage cap: 120 lbs.

1977 CE-177 Cardinal

Engine: 1 x Lycoming O-360-A1B6D, 200 hp.
TBO: 2000 hr
Propeller: Const. spd.
Wingspan: 35 ft. 6 in.
Wing area: 259 sq. ft
Overall length: 27 ft. 3 in.
Height: 8 ft. 7 in.
Wing loading: 14.4 lb/sq.ft.
Pwr loading: 13.9 lb/hp.
Gross wt: 2500 lb.
Empty wt: 1533 lb.
Equipped useful load: 903 lb.
Payload max fuel: 543 lb.
Fuel: 49 USgal
Fuel cap: 294/360 lb.
Range max fuel/75% pwr: 698nm/5.3hr.
Range max fuel / 55% pwr: 812 nm/ 7.5 hr.
Fuel consumption 75% power: 10.1 USgph
Fuel consumption 65% power: 8.6 USgph
Estimated endurance (65% power with 1-hr. reserve): 3 hrs. 54 mins.
Cabin width: 48 in
Cabin height: 46.5 in
Baggage capacity: 120 lb
Service ceiling: 14,600 ft.
75% cruise: 130 kt.
55% cruise: 109 kt.
Stall: 40-52 kt.
1.3 Vso: 52 kt.
Best rate of climb: 840 fpm
Min field length: 1400 ft
Takeoff ground roll: 750 ft
Landing ground roll: 600 ft
Seats: 4.
Undercarriage: fixed tricycle

Cessna Cardinal RG

Engine: 1 x Avco Lycoming IO-360-A1B6D, 149kW, 200hp
TBO: 2000 hr
Fuel type: 100/100LL
Propeller: CS/two-blade
Max ramp weight: 2800 lb
Max Take-off weight: 1270 kg / 2800 lb
Empty weight: 772 kg / 1702 lb
Landing weight: 2800 lb
Useful fuel, std: 60 USgal
Fuel consumption 75% power: 10.5 USgph
Fuel consumption 65% power: 9.1 USgph
Wingspan: 10.82 m / 35 ft 6 in
Length: 8.31 m / 27 ft 3 in
Height: 2.62 m / 8 ft 7 in
Wing area: 16.16 sq.m / 173.94 sq ft
Wing loading: 16.1 lbs./sq.ft
Power loading: 14.0 lbs.hp
Wheel size: 6.00 x 6 in
Seating capacity: 4
Cabin doors: 2
Cabin width: 48 in
Cabin height: 44.5 in
Max. speed: 274 km/h / 170 mph
Cruise speed: 224 km/h / 139 mph
Service ceiling: 5210 m / 17100 ft
Max range (w/reserve) 75% power: 715 nm
Max range (w/reserve) 45% power: 895 nm
Vso: 50 kts
Best rate of climb: 925 fpm
Takeoff ground roll: 890 ft
Takeoff over 50-ft obstacle: 1585 ft
Landing ground roll: 730 ft
Landing over 50 ft obstacle: 1350 ft
Landing gear type: Tri./Retr.

 


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