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Caproni Ca.306 Borea / Ca.309

Caproni-309
Caproni Ca.309 Series V Ghibli
 
The prototype of the six-passenger low-wing transport Caproni Bergamaschi Ca.306 Borea (north wind) appeared at the 1935 Milan Exhibition. The Borea was first of a range of light twin-engine aircraft manufactured for a variety of roles.
 
The first of these was the mixed wood and metal construction Ca.309 Ghibli (desert wind) of 1936, 78 of which were built for use in Libya. The military versions were used as light transports or reconnaissance bombers with a lengthened glazed nose, bomb racks, cameras, and with armament comprising three 7.7mm machine-guns. Powered by two Alfa Romeo 115 inline engines, of 185hp each and having a fixed, spatted undercarriage, the Ghibli had a maximum speed of about 150mph.
 
Caproni-309-02
Caproni Ca.309 Ghibli

 

Seven squadrons equipped with Ghiblis were operational when Italy entered the war in 1940. The Ghibli was used for police duties by the Aviazione Presidio Coloniale and the Aviozione Sahariana as a light reconnaissance-bomber and transport (carrying two crew members and six passengers).
 
Several production series were produced, the final versions of the Ghibli to Ibe produced in quantity being the Series V and VI, the latter having a forward-firing 20-mm. cannon mounted in the nose.

 

Caproni Bergamaschi Ca 309 Ghibli
Engine: 2 x 200hp Alfa Romeo 115-II
Max take-off weight: 2695 kg / 5941 lb
Empty weight: 1745 kg / 3847 lb
Wing load: 14.35 lb/sq.ft / 70.00 kg/sq.m
Wingspan: 16.20 m / 53 ft 2 in
Length: 13.30 m / 43 ft 8 in
Height: 3.25 m / 10 ft 8 in
Wing area: 38.70 sq.m / 416.56 sq ft
Max. speed: 250 km/h / 155 mph
Cruise speed: 210 km/h / 130 mph
Service ceiling: 14764 ft / 4500 m
Range: 670 km / 416 miles
Armament: 3x MG 7,7mm, 335kg Bomb.
Undercarriage: fixed.

 


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