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Canadair CRJ / RJ 100 / RJ 200

 

canadaircrj


The CRJ concept evolved from a stretched design of the Challenger business jet. Stretched versions of this aircraft go back to 1981 with the 24-seat CL-600. Bombardier then looked at a stretch of the CL-601 Challenger in 1987, which lead to the for-mation of the Regional Jet programme on 31 March 1989; the world’s first 50-seat jet airliner.


The fuselage cross-section of the Challenger formed the basis and advanced design commenced in November 1987, the basic configuration frozen in June 1988, and the RJ (Regional Jet) Programme launched in March 1989.


The new airliner is based on the CL-601-3A version of the Challenger (first introduced in September 1986). The wing has been re-configured to reduce drag at the Mach 0.8 max cruising speed, increased by span by 1.8 metres, but retains the CL601 winglets. The fuselage is stretched 6.1 metres by plugs both forward and aft of the wing, and additional emergency exits have been introduced. The 50-seat layout features 4-abreast seating, two each side of the aisle. The cockpit windscreen area is strengthened and the baggage compartment door enlarged. The undercarriage is beefed up and larger tyres are fitted. Simplified avionics and navigation systems have been introduced, reflecting the lesser requirements of short-haul service. Power plants remain the same - two General Electric CF34-3A turbo fans delivering 9220 lb thrust, although thrust reversers have been fitted to reduce stopping distance. While the original idea was to have maximum commonality with the Challenger, this has not quite worked out in practice. Because of the tougher environment the RJ will have to work in, most items in the structure have strengthened. Assembly takes place in Montreal alongside the Challenger.


An extended-range CRJ100ER announced September 1990. Three development CRJ Series 100 aircraft were built, plus a static test airframe and forward fuselage test article. The first aircraft rolled out on 6 May 1991 and first flew on 10 May 1991.


Transport Canada type approval (CRJ100 and CRJ100ER) was granted on 31 July 1992, and the Japanese Civil Aviation Bureau certification on 23 May 2000.
As at February 1993, the company had firm orders for 36 aircraft, conditional orders for another two, and 34 options. In addition, Memorandums of Understanding for a further 74 aircraft were held. Production rate was two per month, and deliveries had been made of six aircraft (five to launch customer Lufthansa City Line and one to Xerox as a corporate shuttle). The first delivery aircraft flew on 4 July 1992, and was delivered to Lufthansa Cityline of Germany on 29 October 1992. Lufthansa operations commenced in November 1992.


European JAA and US FAA certification were received on 14 and 21 January 1993 respectively, with the long-range CRJ100LR certified on 29 April 1994.


The CRJ200 with CF34-TB1 engines was announced in 1995, replacing the CRJ 100 in production after 226 CRJ100had been delivered. The CRJ’s wing is an advanced airfoil that is manufactured as a single unit. Each wing has one fuel tank and, together with the centre tank, hold a total of 8230 lt. Atlantic Southeast Airlines ordered 30 in April 1997 (with options for 60 more), joining other Delta Connection operators Comair, SkyWest and Mesa.


The CRJ-200ER is an extended range derivative, customers for which include Atlantic Coast Airlines, which has ordered 12 aircraft and held options on 36 more.

canadaircrj200er
CRJ-200ER


Up to May 1999, Bombardier had delivered 306 of the 50-passenger CRJ-200 jets, having received 549 firm orders, as well as options for 254 of the aircraft.

 

200th aircraft delivered (to Lufthansa) 24 October 1997; 300th to Atlantic Coast Airlines in April 1999. 400th to Delta Connection/Sky West in July 2000. 500th to Atlantic Coast Airliners 26 April 2001, and 600th to Atlantic Southeast Airlines 29 January 2002, and 700th to Air Nostrum 30 October 2002. Production of CRJ200 running at 9.5 per month in 2000, rising to 12.5 per month by late 2001, and 14.5 per month by 2003.

VERSIONS

CRJ-100

Original standard aircraft.
Engineering designation CL-600-2B19.
Engines: 2 x General Electric CF34-3A1.
Seats: 50.
Cruising speed 424kts (786km/h).
Range with 50 passengers 1,815km (980nm).
Weight empty 13,236kg (29,180 lb).
Maximum take-off weight 21,523kg (47,450 lb).
Span 21.21m (69ft 7in).
Length 26.77m (87ft 10in).
Wing area 54.0 sq.m (581.1 sq.ft).

CRJ-100ER
Replaced by CRJ200ER.

CRJ-100LR
Announced March 1994
Launch customer, Lauda Air of Austria
Replaced by CRJ200LR.

CRJ-200
Standard aircraft; designed to carry 50 passengers over 1,824km range; CF34-3B1 engines with 2.8 per cent lower specific fuel consumption than CF34-3A1 of CRJ100, increasing initial cruise altitude by 213m, cruising speed by 4.5km/h, and range typically by 1.5 per cent; Class C baggage compartment as standard.
First delivery to Tyrolean Airways, 15 January 1996.

CRJ-200B
With optional hot-and-high CF34-3B1 engines.

CRJ-200ER
Extended-range capability with optional increase in maximum TO weight to 23,133kg and optional additional fuel capacity, for range of 3,046km.
Engines: 2 x General Electric CF34-3B1 Turbofans, 9220 lb thrust.
Seats: 50.
Max cruise: 0.81M.
Range: 1645nm @ 0.74M.
Ceiling: 41,000 ft.
Length: 26.77m.
Height: 5.84m.
Width: 21.24m.
Max ramp wt: 23.24 tonne.
MTOW: 23.13 tonne.

CRJ-200B ER
With optional hot-and-high CF34-3B1 engines.

CRJ-200LR
Longer-range version of CRJ200ER (more than 3,713km; maximum T-O weght increased by 907kg to 24,040kg.
Engines: 2 x General Electric CF34-3A1.
Seats: 50.

CRJ-200B LR
With optional hot-and-high CF34-3B1 engines.

CRJ-440
Engineering designation CL-600-2B19.
Version seating 44 passengers in standard configuration.
Launch customer Northwest Airlines has ordered 75.

CRJ-700

Corporate Jetliner
Company shuttle version with more spacious cabin accommodation for 18 to 30 passengers. One delivered June 1993 to Xerox Corporation. Five ordered by the People's Republic of China in January 1997. Supplanted from September 2002 by corporate version of Challenger 800.

Challenger 800
Corporate version developed in consultation with launch customer TAG Aeronautics Ltd to meet requirement for non-stop flights, London to Jeddah or equivalent, with three crew and five passengers; or between Middle East city pairs with 15 passengers.
First flown 26 May 1995 and formally announced at Paris Air Show in the following month; initially designated Canadair Special Edition; first delivery to TAG during Dubai International Aerospace Show in November 1995.
Accommodation for up to 19 passengers in customised cabin; additional 1,814kg of fuel carried in two auxiliary tanks behind main cabin, extending range to more than 5,556km and maximum T-O weight 24,040kg
First aircraft powered by standard CF34-3A1 turbofans, but subsequent examples are equipped with CF34-3B1s increasing range to 5,778km. Manufactured to special order only. Customers include Poly Technologies lnc, which ordered two on 16 August 2001 for operation by China Ocean Aviation Group.

 

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CRJ-200

 

 

 


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