BAC HS.1182 Hawk
It is a tandem two-seat low-wing monoplane powered by a single Rolls-Royce/Turbomeca Adour engine of 5,340 lb thrust.
The Hawker Siddeley P.1182 design was adopted by the RAF for its then new advanced trainer in 1970 and this type first flew in 1971. The single pre-production Hawker Siddeley Hawk (XX154) made the type's maiden flight at Dunsfold, Surrey on 21 August 1974. A two-seat basic and advanced jet trainer with close support capability, in addition to service with the RAF it has been ordered by the air forces of Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Finland, Kenya, Kuwait, Indonesia and Zimbabwe, and in modified form as the US Navy's T-45.
175 Adour 151 powered T.ls for the RAF were delivered for advanced and tactical training, beginning on 4 November 1976 with two aircraft for No. 4 FTS at RAF Valley, Anglesey. Subsequently 88 have been modified as Hawk T.lAs for secondary airfield defence duties, by the installation of AIM-9L Sidewinder missiles.
The initial export version was the Hawk 50 Series, sold to Finland (Mk.51, final assembly of 47 by Valmet), Kenya (Mk.52), and Indonesia (Mk.53), powered by the Adour 851 and an increased MTOW. Hawk 60 Series aircraft are equipped with uprated 25.35kN Adour 861 engines and other performance improving modifications. The Hawk 60 Series has been sold to five countries, Zimbabwe (Mk.60), Dubai (Mk.61), Kuwait (Mk.64), and Saudi Arabia (Mk.65).
Primarily for combat missions the two-seat the Hawk Mk.100 is a development of the earlier Hawk Mk.60 advanced jet trainer. A much improved version, with the Rolls-Royce Adour 871 engine of 5,845 lbs of thrust, a revised wing with fixed leading edge droop, full width flaps, optional wingtip missile rails for Sidewinder missiles, an extended nose to house the FLIR camera and a laser range finder, revised avionics and a HUD in the forward cockpit. Equipment includes Singer Kearfott SKN 2416 INS, an advanced Smiths Industries headup display/ aiming computer, optional laser or improved weapons management system, controls, and colour CRT displays in cockpits, all linked by a MIL 1553B digital databus. External load is increased to 3,265kg, and provision is made for carrying an ECM I pod.
By 1988, customers in-clude Finland, Indonesia, Kenya, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Switzerland and Zimbabwe; a total of 352 Hawks.
Canada operated 17 Hawk Mk.115s as CT-155s.
The RAAF Mk. 127s are a further development the Hawk. Its three head-down colour CRT multifunction displays in both cockpits and the aircraft display and mission computers provide trainee aircrews and their instructors with a F/A- 18 Hornet style cockpit. Weapons delivery and navigation information is in colour on the displays and the cockpits are functionally considerably “common” to the Hornet, allowing for easy transition to the front-line aircraft later. The Hawk Mk. 127 also has an on board video camera that captures the head-up and head-down visuals, along with sound for subsequent debriefings. The test flight of the first Australian-assembled Hawk (s/n DT-10) took place on 12 May 2000.
The avionics system is integrated via a 1553 multiplex database. The principle components are two display and mission computers (DMCs), which coordinate, process and command the display of information from the communications, navigation and attack sub-systems. Each cockpit has hands-on-throttle-and-stick (HOTAS) controls.
The head-up display (HUD) in the front cockpit and three colour multi-function displays (MFD) in each cockpit present a range of flight information, ranging from aircraft performance and attitude through to equipment status reports. Mission-specific data can be pre-programmed by the pilot and downloaded into the system. Equipment performance, aircraft fatigue and engine life data is monitored and recorded by a health and usage monitoring system (HUMS).
The Hawk 127 armament system provides for the carriage, aiming and release or firing of practice and Mk 82 bombs, AIM-9M Sidewinder missiles and a 30mm cannon. The stores are carried on two wingtip missile stations or pylon-mounted on four underwing and one centreline hardpoints. A 30mm Aden cannon carried in a gunpod can be installed on the centreline station in place of the pylon. Stores are controlled by the integrated stores management system (SMS).
The Hawk through-life support programs have been designed for 25 years service. Its design allows for system upgrades to be incorporated, to reflect evolving training requirements.
The single-seat Hawk 200 series is a multi-role combat version has some 80 per cent airframe commonality with the trainer and uses the same uprated Adour 871 powerplant as the Hawk 100. In the lower fuselage can be fitted one or two 25mm Aden guns, leaving the centreline pylon free for weapons to complement the four underwing pylons. The Hawk 200 has been designed to incorporate a change of nose that can include FLIR, laser rangefinder or APG-66H radar for all-weather operation.
The first pre-production Hawk 200 flew on April 24, 1987, seven days ahead of the schedule set following the loss of the prototype in July 1986. The pre-production Hawk flew on August 21, 1974, and the aircraft has been produced in several versions. The Hawk 2 multirole combat aircraft, which first flew May 19, 1986, is powered by a 26kN Adour 871, and has an internal armament of two 25mm Aden I guns in a new front fuselage. The redesigned nose can also house sensors such as a rangefinder, forward looking infrared, or a multimode radar.
Hawker Siddeley Hawk
Engine: Rolls-Royce/Turbomeca Adour Mk. 151, 5,340 lb.
Top speed: 535 kts.
Service ceiling: 44,000ft.
Landing speed: 100 kts.
Wingspan: 30ft 10in.
Length: 39ft 2in.
Height: 14ft 5in.
Engine: 1 x R-R/Turbomeca Adour 861.
Installed thrust: 25.4 kN.
Span: 9.4 m.
Length: 11.9 m.
Wing area: 16.7 sq.m.
Empty wt: 3635 kg.
MTOW: 8570 kg.
Warload: 3100 kg.
Max speed: 1065 kph.
Initial ROC: 2835 m / min.
Ceiling: 15,000+ m.
T/O run: 550 m.
Ldg run: 488 m.
Fuel internal: 1750 lt.
Range/Endurance: 2400 km / 4+ hr.
Combat radius: 500-1100 km.
Armament: 1 x 30 mm, 2 x AAM.
Hawk T.Mk 1
Engine: one 5,340 lb thrust Rolls-Royce/Turbomeca RT.172-06-11 Adour Mk 151 turbofan.
Wing span: 30 ft 9.75 in (9.39 m).
Length: 11.8 m / 38 ft 9 in
Height: 4.1 m / 13 ft 5 in
Wing area: 16.7 sq.m / 179.76 sq ft
Take-off weight: 5443 kg / 12000 lb
Empty weight: 3379 kg / 7449 lb
Max speed: 621 mph (1,000 km/h).
Ceiling: 12000 m / 39350 ft
Range w/max.fuel: 2780 km / 1727 miles
Payload: 5,660 lb (2,567 kg).
Armament: 1 x 30mm cannon
Engine: Rolls-Royce Adour 871, 5,845 lbs thrust
Crew: Pilot (instructor) and student
Engine: 1 x Rolls-Royce Turbomeca Adour Mk 871
Ceiling: 50,000 feet
Engine: 1 x R-R / Turbomeca Adour 871.
Installed thrust (dry): 26 kN.
Span: 9.39 m.
Length: 11.38 m.
Height : 13.451 ft / 4.1 m
Wing area : 179.759 sq.ft / 16.7 sq.m
Wing load : 105.78 lb/sq.ft / 516.0 kg/sq.m
Weight empty : 9100.0 lb / 4127.0 kg
MTOW: 9101 kg.
Max. payload weight : 7697.7 lb / 3491.0 kg
Max speed: Mach 1.2 / 560 kts / 1037 kph.
Initial ROC: 11417 ft/min / 58.00 m/s
Service ceiling : 50000 ft / 15240 m
T/O run: 1585 m.
Ldg run: 854 m.
Landing speed : 106 kts / 197 kph
Combat radius hi-lo-hi: 1072 km.
Fuel internal: 1704 lt.
Air refuel: No.
Armament: 2 x 25 mm Aden / 27mm Mauser
Hard points: 5