Bristol B.198 / B.223
In the late-1950s the Bristol aircraft design team, under the leadership of Dr Archibald E. Russell, was awarded important MoS contracts for design and feasibility studies in the development of a supersonic transport. After an outline design for a thin delta wing with pencil fuselage had been accepted, the Bristol Type 198 was projected. This would have been a trans-Atlantic range delta aircraft powered by six Bristol Olympus engines. The government decided that this 380,000 lb machine was too heavy and asked for a smaller design, capable of carrying 100 passengers across the Atlantic, with a maximum weight of 250,0001b. This resulted in the Type 223 which formed the basis for the British contribution to the collaborative venture with France which was agreed in November 1962 and resulted in Concorde.
Concorde 002, G-BSST, made its inaugural flight from Filton on 9 April 1969.