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Bristol Scout A / B / C / D

 

bristolscoutd
Scout D

 

A single-seat sports biplane designed by Frank Barnwell, was first flown on 23 February 1914, with an 80 hp Gnome engine, and retrospectively known as the Scout A,
 
Two Scout Bs completed six months later were intended for reconnaissance, were officially unarmed, but one of which was fitted with a rifle on each side of the fuselage and angled outward to avoid hitting the propeller when fired. They were sent to France.

 

Brist-Scout

 

The Scout B was followed by 161 Scout Cs (74 for the RN and 87 for the RFC) which, again, were officially unarmed, although in the field the fitting of pistols, rifles and carbines was common, while some RN Scouts carried 24-round canisters of Ranken darts which it was intended to use against Zeppelins.
 
 Brist-Scout-03
Scout C
 
An installation of cavalry carbine on a later production Scout C enabled Capt. Lanoe Hawker of 6 Sqn to shoot down one enemy aircraft in flames, drive another down and damage a third in quick succession on July 25, 1915. All three enemy aircraft were armed with machine-guns and Capt. Hawker was awarded the Victoria Cross.

 

 
 
The Scout D was a revised design which, completed in November 1915, had provision for a fixed synchronised 7.7mm Vickers gun. The Scout D was the first model for which armament was officially intended, though relatively few of these had the synchronised Vickers gun and the armament of others varied considerably. Some having a 7.7mm fixed Lewis gun firing straight ahead without synchronising equipment and others having a movable Lewis above the upper wing.
 
 Bristol-Scou-D
Scout D
 
A number of modifications were made at Bristol’s and the type was varied from the D-1 to D-5. Engines varied from the 80 hp Gnome and Le Rhone to the 100 hp Gnome Monosoupape, 110 hp Le Rhone, and 130 hp Clerget. Over 200 were built before the type was abandoned.

 

bristol_scout-d


Of the 210 examples built, 80 went to the RN, of which 50 had 100hp Gnome Monosoupape engines and the remainder the 80hp Gnome. Most of those delivered to the RFC ultimately had the 80hp Le Rhone engines.

 Brist-Scout-01

 

The Scout C and D had early limited use by the Australian 1 AFC in Egypt where Lt L.J. Wackett used one in experiments with a synchronised machine gun.

 

 

Altogether 236 Scouts were delivered to the RFC, and 137 to the RNAS.
 
 
Some RNAS machines had a Lewis gun mounted above the top wing. RFC Scout D’s had a Vickers gun above their front fuselage.

 

 

Gallery

 

Scout C
Engine: 80 hp Le Rhone, or Gnome, or 110 hp Clerget
Wing span: 24 ft 7 in
Wing area: 198 sq ft
Length: 20 ft 8 in
Height: 8 ft 6 in
Fuel capacity: 16 Gal
Endurance: 2 hr
Service ceiling: 11,000 ft
 
Scout C
Engine: 80 hp Clerget
Wing span: 24 ft 7 in
Wing area: 198 sq ft
Length: 20 ft 8 in
Height: 8 ft 6 in
Empty weight: 750 lb
MTOW: 1089 lb
Fuel capacity: 16 Gal
Max speed: 94 mph at SL
Endurance: 2 hr
Service ceiling: 11,000 ft

 

Scout D
Engine: 1 x Gnome, 80hp.
Wingspan: 24 ft 5 in
Wing area: 198 sq.ft
Length: 20 ft 7 in
Height: 8 ft 6 in
Empty weight: 757 lb
Loaded weight: 1195 lb
Max speed: 98 mph at SL
Service ceiling: 15,500 ft
ROC: 385 fpm to 6500 ft
Endurance: 2 hr 30 min
Seats: 1
 
Scout D
Engine: 1 x Le Rhone 9, 80hp.
Length: 20 ft 8 in (6.02m)
Wingspan: 27.33ft (8.33m)
Wing area: 18.39 sq.m / 197.95 sq ft
Height: 8 ft 6 in (2.59m)
Maximum Speed: 100mph (161kmh; 87kts)
Rate-of-Climb: 540ft/min (165m/min)
Service Ceiling: 13,999ft (4,267m)
Armament: 1 x 7.7mm machine gun
Crew: 1
Empty Weight: 761lbs (345kg)
Maximum Take-Off Weight: 1,250lbs (567kg)
 
Scout D
Engine: 1 x Gnome Monosoupape, 100hp
Max speed: 104 mph at SL
 
Scout D
Engine: 1 x Le Rhone, 110hp.
 
Scout D
Engine: 1 x Clerget, 130hp.

 

brist-sc-d-ld

Scout D

 

 


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