Brewster SB2 Buccaneer / Bermuda
The US Navy issued a requirement for a new scout/dive-bomber aircraft early in 1938. From half a dozen designs submitted, those of Brewster and Curtiss were considered most suitable, both incorporating the new 1700-hp Wright R-2600 Cyclone 14-cylinder two-row radial, conforming adequately with the Navy Bureau of Aeronautics specification. In January 1939, prototypes of the XSB2A1 (Brewster) and XSWC-1 (Curtiss) were ordered.
First flown on 17 June 1941, this was a mid-wing all-metal monoplane fitted with a 1,267kW Wright Double-Row Cyclone R-2600-8 engine. The prototype was tested with a mock-up powered dorsal turret, but this caused such buffeting that it was abandoned and traditional hand-aimed guns were used instead.
Production deliveries were made to the RAF in 1942 as SB2A-1 (known as Bermuda and quickly relegated to training and target-towing duties), and to the US Navy from 1943 as SB2A-2, -3 and -4; the latter were produced for the Netherlands East Indies but were not delivered and were used instead as trainers. The RAF's Bermudas lacked the arrester hook and folding wings of the US Navy's SB2As.
A total of 750 Buccaneers were built.
Brewster SB2A Buccaneer
Engine: Wright R 2600-8 Cyclone, 1677 hp, 1268kW
Length: 39 ft 2 in / 11.94 m
Height: 15 ft 5 in / 4.7 m
Wingspan: 47 ft 0 in / 14.33 m
Wing area: 379.0 sqft / 35.21 sq.m
Max take off weight: 14290.6 lb / 6481.0 kg
Weight empty: 9924.7 lb / 4501.0 kg
Max. speed: 238 kts / 441 km/h / 273 mph
Cruising speed: 140 kts / 259 km/h / 162 mph
Service ceiling: 24902 ft / 7590 m
Wing load: 37.72 lb/sq.ft / 184.00 kg/sq.m
Range: 1456 nm / 2696 km
Armament: 2x cal.50 MG (12,7mm), 4x cal.303 MG (7,62mm), 454kg Bomb.