Breguet Br.1050 Alize
Initially a Breguet design known as the Br.960 "Vultur" and designed as a conventional strike aircraft, the Br.960 grew into the Br.965 as French Navy requirements changed. The resulting Br.965 later became the definitive anti-submarine warfare system designated as the Br.1050 Alize (Tradewind).
Breguet received a development contract in 1954 for a three-seat ASW version. Power was provided by a 2,100 eshp Rolls-Royce Dart turbo-prop, and the first Dart-powered prototype flew on 6 October 1956 followed by five pre-production aircraft.
The Br.1050 is a most distinct-looking aircraft, particularly in the design of the nose assembly. A crew of three monitors the various systems aboard the craft and the wings are designed to be carrier-friendly and fold for storage. The Alize carried three depth charges or a torpedo in the internal weapon bay, sonobuoys in the wheel housings, and more depth charges, rockets, or two AS.12 air-to-surface missiles on underfuselage/wing stations.
Orders for 75 production Alizes were placed by the French Navy and the first was officially delivered on 20 May 1959. Sixty-five were in service by May 1961. Two French Navy squadrons operated Alizes on board the carriers Foch and Clemenceau.
A further contract for Alizes was received subsequently from the Indian Navy and 12 were delivered, plus two ex-French aircraft.
Breguet Br 1050 Alizé
Engine: Rolls Royce Dart R Da 21, 2100 shp, 1450kW
Length: 45.505 ft / 13.87 m
Height: 14.993 ft / 4.57 m
Wingspan: 51 ft 2 in / 15.6 m
Wing area: 36.0 sq.m / 387.50 sq ft
Max take off weight: 18081.0 lb / 8200.0 kg
Empty weight: 5700 kg / 12566 lb
Max. speed: 243 kts / 450 km/h
Cruise speed: 370 km/h / 230 mph
Service ceiling: 20505 ft / 6250 m
Range: 1550 nm / 2870 km
Maximum Range: 1,785miles (2,872km)
1 x Tordedo or 3 x Depth Charges (held in an internal bay)
2 x Depth Charges (externally held)
6 x RP or 2 x air-to-surface missiles (underwing)