Breguet Br.1001 Talon
In response to a NATO requirement for a single-seat lightweight strike fighter, Breguet designed a small mid-wing monoplane with swept wings and tail surfaces. The retractable tricycle landing gear was designed especially for operation on unprepared strips. The fuselage accommodated the pilot in an enclosed cockpit well forward, and housed a Bristol Orpheus BOr.3 turbojet. In competition with other proposals, Breguet's design won an order for three prototypes, the first of these making its maiden flight on 26 July 1957. The second prototype incorporated minor aerodynamic improvements and had a slightly lengthened fuselage.
To enhance high-speed performance, improved area ruling was provided by the introduction of aerodynamic bulges at the wing roots, these serving also to house additional fuel. In this configuration, the Br.1001 Taon (Gadfly) set an international speed record for a 1000km closed circuit, reaching 1046.65km/h at 7620m on 25 April 1958. Three months later, on 23 July, the Taon raised this figure again for the same record to 1075km/h. Despite this high-speed performance, development was discontinued, and only the two prototypes were built.
Breguet 1001 Taon
Engine: 1 x Bristol Orpheus BOr.3 turbojet, 2200kg
Take-off weight: 5560 kg / 12258 lb
Loaded weight: 3425 kg / 7551 lb
Wingspan: 6.80 m / 22 ft 4 in
Length: 11.68 m / 38 ft 4 in
Height: 3.7 m / 12 ft 2 in
Wing area: 14.50 sq.m / 156.08 sq ft
Max. speed: 1194 km/h / 742 mph