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Breguet Bre.690

Breguet Bre.691

Breguet Bre.693

Breguet Bre.694

Breguet Bre.695

Breguet Bre.696

Breguet Bre.697

 

breguet-693

Breguet 693


In 1934 the French Air Force issued a requirement for a twin-engined three-seat heavy fighter. Several manufacturers submitted proposals, and the contest was won by the Potez 630. The Breguet proposal had been heavier and more powerful than the other submissions, its designers believing it to be a more versatile, multi-role aeroplane. Design of the Breguet 690 was started in 1935 and a prototype was completed in 1937, first flying on 23 March 1938 with two 507-kW (680-hp) Hispano-Suiza 14AB-02/03 engines. The aircraft was found to have a performance superior to that of the Potez 630, and Breguet received a contract to supply 100 aircraft, configured as two-seat light attack bombers as the Bre.691, first flying in March 1939 with 522-kW (700-hp) 14AB-10/11s.


The Breguet 691 was a cantilever mid-wing monoplane of all-metal construction, with two wing-mounted engines and a short fuselage nose. Aft of the wing the fuselage tapered to a tailplane with twin endplate fins and rudders. Conversion from Bre.690 to Bre.691 was deletion of the navigator's position to provide a small bomb bay. Experience with the Bre.691 proved the Hispano-Suiza powerplants to be unreliable, and the Bre.693.01 was introduced with two Gnome-Rhone 14M-6/7 engines after only 78 Bre.691s had been built. Two hundred and thirty four examples of the Bre.693 were built, later examples having two extra 7.5mm machine-guns, one installed in the tail of each engine nacelle, to improve self-defence. The Breguet 693 proved extremely vulnerable and almost half were lost to enemy action.


Foreign interest in the Bre.690 series was cut short by the German invasion of France and the single Bre.694.01 built, intended as a three-seat reconnaissance aircraft, was delivered directly to the Aeronavale. The Bre.694 was generally similar to the original Bre.690 with no bomb bay and a navigator's compartment, but with Gnome-Rhone 14M-4/5 engines.


The Bre.695 was virtually identical to the Bre.693 but with Pratt & Whitney SB4G Twin Wasp Junior engines. Fifty Bre.695s were built, being delivered to Groupe 18 in June 1940.

 

breguet-695
Breguet 695


The Bre.696 and 697 were built only as prototypes and were respectively a two-seat light bomber and a two-seat heavy destroyer.

Bre.690
two 507-kW (680-hp) Hispano-Suiza 14AB-02/03 engines

Bre.691
Hispano-Suiza 14AB-10/11, 522-kW (700-hp)

Bre.693.01

two Gnome-Rhone 14M-6/7 engines

Bre.693
Engines: 2 x Gnome-Rhone 14M-6/7, 522kW (700 hp).
Span: 15.37m (50ft 5in).
Length: 9.67m (31ft 8.75in).
Max T/O weight: 4900 kg (10,803 lb).
Max speed: 304 mph at 16,405 ft.
Operational range: 839 miles.
Armament: 1 x 20-mm Hispano-Suiza cannon and 4 or 6 7.5-mm (0.295-in) Darne mg, up to 400kg (882 lb) of bombs

Bre.693 AB2
Engines: 2 x Gnome-Rhone 14M-6/7, 522kW (700 hp).
Take-off weight: 4892 kg / 10785 lb
Empty weight: 3006 kg / 6627 lb
Wingspan: 15.4 m / 50 ft 6 in
Length: 9.7 m / 31 ft 10 in
Height: 3.2 m / 10 ft 6 in
Wing area: 29.2 sq.m / 314.31 sq ft
Max. Speed: 490 km/h / 304 mph
Ceiling: 9500 m / 31150 ft
Range: 1350 km / 839 miles
Crew: 2
Armament: 1 x 20mm cannon, 3 x 7.5mm machine guns, 400kg bombs

Bre.694.01

Bre.694
Gnome-Rhone 14M-4/5 engines.

Bre.695
Pratt & Whitney SB4G Twin Wasp Junior engines.

Bre.696

Bre.697

 


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