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Nikolai Nikolayevich Polikarpov

Designer  of fighter aircraft in early 1930s, such as the I- 16, first monoplane fighter with enclosed cockpit and retractable landing gear, but most famous design was the 1927 Po-2 biplane, built in thousands.

Aircraft designer Nikolai Nikolayevich Polikarpov was awarded the Order of Lenin for his development of the I-16, initially as leader of Design Team No 2 of the Soviet Union's Central Design Bureau in 1932-33.

After Polikarpov's death, on 30 July 1944, the U-2 was redesignated Po-2 in his honour.



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