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Rolls-Royce Goshawk / PVG



The engine first ran in 1933 and was first announced in 1934, and originally known as the P.V.G., this modified Kestrel paved the way for the development of the Merlin and was designed to be evaporatively cooled. The Goshawk was developed from the Kestrel IV prototype engine, to use evaporative (also known as "steam") cooling. Rather than keep the cooling liquid below its boiling point in the cooling system, the coolant was allowed to boil; boiling taking more heat from the engine and less coolant was needed. Instead of a radiator to take the heat from the coolant, a condensor was required to turn the vapour back to liquid. These had to be much larger than radiators and added drag to the aircraft design.

Bore and stroke were the same as for the Kestrel, i.e., 127 mm x 140 mm.

Twenty engines were built and they flew only in prototypes as a few manufacturer's private ventures and "one offs".

Goshawks I, II and III were fully supercharged and gave 600 h.p. at 2,600 r.p.m. at 12,000 ft, and 650 h.p. at 15,000 ft. The weight was 975 lb, and the three marks had reduction-gear ratios, respectively, of 0.632,0.533 and 0.477. Goshawks VI, VII and VIII were medium-supercharged units rated at 660 h.p. (490 kW) at 2,600 r.p.rn. at 6,000 ft, and geared-successively as the I, II and III.

Problems with coolant leaks, coolant pumping and the realisation that large wing mounted radiators would be vulnerable to combat damage caused the project to be cancelled although lessons had been learned and were put into development of the later Merlin.

Only 20 Goshawks were built, but they were fitted in the Blackburn R7/30, Bristol R7/30, Gloster S.15/33, Hawker P.V.3, and Short R.24/31. The Goshawk was the power unit specified for the twin engined Short Knuckleduster flying boat (K3574) to Specification R24/31 and "preferred" for submissions to Air Ministry specification F7/30 for a fighter aircraft. Goshawks were used by all three officially sponsored prototypes, the Supermarine Type 224 (K2890), the Westland F.7/30 (K2891) and the Blackburn F3 (K2892), which only taxied with the Goshawk fitted and did not fly), in addition to two private venture entrants, the Bristol Type 123 and the Hawker P.V.3.

The Goshawk also powered Hawker's privately developed "High Speed Fury Mk 2" (K3586) and "Intermediate Fury" 2" (the latter Hawker's own development aircraft and "hack" serial G-ABSE) and the Westland Pterodactyl V (K2770) and was installed for trials in the Gloster TSR.38 (S1705), and the first Gloster Gnatsnapper prototype (N227).


Goshawk I
(1932) Developed from the prototype Kestrel IV.

Goshawk II
(1935) 600 hp. Lowered propeller reduction gear ratio.

Goshawk III
(1935) 600hp. Further reduction of gear ratio.

Goshawk VI
660 hp. High ratio reduction gear.

Goshawk VII
660 hp. Raised reduction gear ratio.

Goshawk VIII
660 hp. Special experimental engine. Maximum power output: 837 hp.


Blackburn F3
Bristol Type 123
Gloster Gnatsnapper
Hawker Fury
Hawker P.V.3
Short Knuckleduster
Supermarine Type 224
Westland Pterodactyl V
Westland F.7/30 / P.V.4


Goshawk I
Type: 12-cylinder liquid-cooled 60 degree Vee aircraft piston engine
Bore: 5.0 in (127 mm)
Stroke: 5.5 in (140 mm)
Displacement: 1,295.88 in³ (21.25 L)
Length: 74.61 in (1,895 mm)
Width: 24.41 in (620 mm)
Height: 35.63 in (905 mm)
Dry weight: 975 lb (442 kg)
Valvetrain: OHC - Overhead Camshaft
Supercharger: Single-stage supercharger
Fuel type: 77 Octane petrol
Cooling system: Liquid-cooled
Power output: 600 bhp (447 kW) at 2,600 rpm
Specific power: 0.46 hp/in³ (21 kW/L)
Compression ratio: 6:1
Power-to-weight ratio: 0.61 hp/lb (1 kW/kg)








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