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Pratt & Whitney JT12 / J60


PW-JT12A
Pratt & Whitney JT12A turbojet

 

The Pratt & Whitney JT12, (US military designation J60) is a small turbojet engine. The J60 conception and project design began in July 1957 at United Aircraft of Canada (later Pratt & Whitney Canada) in Montreal. The project design details were transferred to the main P&W company in East Hartford and in May 1958, the first prototype, with military designation YJ60-P-1 commenced testing.

Flight tests were completed in early 1959; followed by the delivery of the new JT12A-5 engines in July 1959. These were for the two Canadair CL-41 prototype trainers with a rating of 12.9 kN (2,900 lb st).

The modified JT12A-3 turbojets with a basic rating of 14.69 kN (3,300 lb st) were tested in the two Lockheed XV-4A Hummingbird VTOL research aircraft. The next version, JT12A-21, had an afterburner which delivered a maximum thrust of 17.91 kN (4,025 lb st).

A total of 2621 were built.

The Pratt & Whitney T73 (Pratt & Whitney JFTD12) is a related turboshaft engine.

 

Variants:
YJ60-P-1—prototype

J60-P-3

J60-P-4

J60-P-5

J60-P-6

T73
Military designation of the Pratt & Whitney JFTD12 free power turbine turboshaft version of the J60.

JT12A-3LH

JT12A-5
(J60-P-3/-5/-6) Take-off ratings from 2,900 lbf (12.9 kN) to 3,001 lbf (13.35 kN).

JT12A-6
Essentially similar to the –5

JT12A-7
(J60-P-4) up-rated to 3,300 lbf (15 kN)

JT12A-8

JT12A-21
An after-burning version developing 4,024 lbf (17.9 kN) thrust wet.

FT12
Turboshaft versions for marine use.

JFTD12
Comapny designation of the Pratt & Whitney T73 free power turbine turbo-shaft version of the J60.

 

Applications:
Civilian (JT12)
Lockheed JetStar
North American Sabreliner

Military (J60)
T-2B Buckeye
T-39 Sabreliner
Sikorsky XH-59/S-69
XV-4 Hummingbird

 

 

 

 

 

 


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