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Lycoming IO-720

 

The Lycoming IO-720 engine is a large displacement, horizontally opposed, eight-cylinder aircraft engine featuring four cylinders per side, first run in 1961, manufactured by Lycoming Engines.
 
There is no carburetted version of the engine, which would have been designated O-720 and therefore the base model is the IO-720. The IO-720 and the Jabiru 5100 were the only flat-eight configuration aircraft engines in production in 2012.

The engine has a fuel injection system which schedules fuel flow proportionally to the airflow, with fuel vaporization occurring at the intake ports. The engine has a displacement of 722 cubic inches (11.8 litres) and produces 400 hp (298 kW). The cylinders have air-cooled heads cast from aluminum alloy with a fully machined combustion chamber.
 
The first IO-720 was type certified on 25 October 1961 to the CAR 13 standard as amended to 15 June 1956 including 13-1, 13-2, 13-3, 13-4.
 
In 2009 a new IO-720-A1B cost US$113,621, with a rebuilt engine retailing for US$75,435 and a factory overhaul priced at US$66,289.
 
Variants:
IO-720-A1A
Eight-cylinder, horizontally opposed, air-cooled direct drive, fuel injection, internal oil jet piston cooling, 722 cubic inches (11.8 litres), 400 hp (298 kW), certified 25 October 1961

IO-720-A1B
fuel-injected, 722 cubic inches (11.8 litres), 400 hp (298 kW), same as -A1A except equipped with Bendix S8LN-1208 and S8LN-1209 magnetos, certified 22 February 1971

IO-720-A1BD
fuel-injected, 722 cubic inches (11.8 litres), 400 hp (298 kW), same as -A1B except has a dual magneto, certified 30 December 1976

IO-720-B1A
fuel-injected, 722 cubic inches (11.8 litres), 400 hp (298 kW), same as -A1A except for top exhaust cylinders and offset exhaust valve shroud tubes, certified 4 November 1965

IO-720-B1B
fuel-injected, 722 cubic inches (11.8 litres), 400 hp (298 kW), same as -B1A except equipped with Bendix S8LN-1208 and S8LN-1209 magnetos and Bendix RSA-10ED1 fuel injection, certified 22 February 1971

IO-720-B1BD
fuel-injected, 722 cubic inches (11.8 litres), 400 hp (298 kW), same as -B1B except has a dual magneto, certified 30 December 1976

IO-720-C1B
fuel-injected, 722 cubic inches (11.8 litres), 400 hp (298 kW), same as -A1B except that it has up-exhaust cylinder heads, certified 22 December 1971

IO-720-C1BD
fuel-injected, 722 cubic inches (11.8 litres), 400 hp (298 kW), same as -C1B except has a dual magneto, certified 28 January 1977

IO-720-D1B
fuel-injected, 722 cubic inches (11.8 litres), 400 hp (298 kW), same as -A1B except has a rear type air inlet housing instead of a front inlet, certified 29 October 1973

IO-720-D1BD
fuel-injected, 722 cubic inches (11.8 litres), 400 hp (298 kW), same as -D1B except has a dual magneto, certified 28 January 1977

IO-720-D1C
fuel-injected, 722 cubic inches (11.8 litres), 400 hp (298 kW), same as -D1B except equipped with an angled fuel injector adapter, certified 15 April 1982

IO-720-D1CD
fuel-injected, 722 cubic inches (11.8 litres), 400 hp (298 kW), same as -D1C except has a dual magneto, certified 10 June 1977

 

Applications:
IO-720-A1A
Northwest Ranger - factory installation
Piper Comanche 400 - factory installation

IO-720-A1B
Beechcraft 80 - Excalibur and Queen Air conversions
Pacific Aerospace FU-24-954
Piper PA-36 Pawnee Brave - Johnson Aircraft conversion

IO-720-A1BD
Barr 6

IO-720-B1A
Northwest Ranger C-6 - factory installation

IO-720-B1B
Aero Commander - MR. R.P.M. conversion

IO-720-B1BD
Aero Commander - MR. R.P.M. conversion

IO-720-D1B
Embraer EMB 202 Ipanema - factory installation

IO-720-D1C
Piper PA-36 Pawnee Brave - Johnson Aircraft conversion

IO-720-D1CD
Piper PA-36 Pawnee Brave - Johnson Aircraft conversion

 

Specifications:
IO-720A
Type: 8-cylinder fuel-injected horizontally opposed aircraft engine
Bore: 5.125 in (130 mm)
Stroke: 4.375 (111 mm)
Displacement: 722 cu.in (11.8 litres)
Length: 46.41 In (117.88 cm)
Width: 34.25 in (87.00 cm)
Height: 22.53 in (57.23 cm)
Dry weight: 597 lb (271 kg) dry
Fuel system: Bendix RSA-10AD1 fuel-injection
Fuel type: 100LL avgas
Cooling system: air-cooled
Power output: 400 hp (297 kW) at 2650 rpm
Specific power: 0.55 hp/cu.in (25.2 kW/L)
Compression ratio: 8.70:1
Power-to-weight ratio: 0.67 hp/lb (1.10 kW/kg)

 

 

 

 


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