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Continental C90
Continental O-200
Continental IOL-200 / Voyager 200
Rolls-Royce RR C90
Rolls-Royce O-200
Rolls-Royce O-205

 

  Cont-O200
Continental O-200-A

 

First run in 1947, the Continental C90 and O-200 are a family of air-cooled, horizontally opposed, four-cylinder, direct-drive aircraft engines of 201 in³ (3.29 L) displacement, producing between 90 and 100 horsepower (67 and 75 kW).

 

The C90 was introduced in 1947 as a follow-on to the A65, which had been in production since 1939. Many of the designs powered by the C90 are upgraded variants of earlier A65 powered designs, such as the Piper J-3 Cub and PA-11 Cub Special, Aeronca 7AC, and Luscombe 8A. The engine was developed from the earlier O-190 by increasing the stroke 1⁄4 inch.

 

This engine family is considered to be dependable, according to both industry publications and the FAA.

 

While the C90 is approved for takeoff power of 95 horsepower (71 kW) for 5 minutes, the designation derives from its continuous power rating of 90 hp (67 kW). As noted above, certain models of the C90 replace the usual carburetor with a fuel injection system. In addition, there are models which provide for the installation of a controllable pitch propeller and one, the C90-12FP, designed for pusher installation. While slightly less horsepower than the O200, many floatplane operators prefer the performance of the C90 over the O200, due to its higher torque at lower rpm. This is primarily due to the C90's camshaft design. The C90 is also known by its military designation of O-205.

 

Though the C90 was superseded by the O-200, and many of the designs utilizing the O-200 had gone out of production by 1980, with the 2004 publication of the United States Federal Aviation Administration light-sport aircraft regulations came a resurgence in demand for the O-200. The light-sport aircraft standard is for small, simple single- and two-seat aircraft for which the O-200 is well-suited.

 

The O-200 is an updated and upgraded version of the engine, achieving increased power of 100 hp (75 kW) as a result of higher maximum rpm. The standard and most common model of the engine is the O-200-A; the -B model is designed for pusher installation, the -C model provides for the installation of a controllable pitch propeller, and the -D model is a lightweight model designed for Light Sport aircraft.

 

  Cont-O200D
Continental O-200D

 

With 23,949 Cessna 150s built, this type is the most common application for the O-200.

 

In a cooperative venture, Rolls-Royce produced these same designs in England, under separate certification, with model designations beginning RR, e.g. the Rolls-Royce RR C90-12FH is the equivalent of the Continental C90-12FH; the Rolls-Royce versions are "directly interchangeable with the equivalent models manufactured by Continental." The Rolls-Royce O-200-A powers the Beagle B.121 Pup 100, the Bölkow BO 208 C Junior, the Avions Robin DR 220, and the Morane-Saulnier MS-880.

 

RR-O200
Rolls Royce O-200-B


All versions of the C90 and O-200 are Four-stroke reciprocating engines and are all similar in size, displacement and weight. These engines are typically fitted with an updraft carburetor, though the C90-8FJ, -12FJ, and -14FJ are equipped with fuel injection systems. They utilize a redundant ignition system requiring no external power, driving two magnetos, each of which fires one spark plug per cylinder. Each cylinder has one intake valve and one exhaust valve, pushrod-activated.
 
Continental's recommended time between overhaul (TBO) for these engines is 1,800 hours of operation or 12 years in service, whichever is reached first. The standard certification for the C90 and O-200 specifies Avgas 80/87 as the minimum fuel grade. Both are eligible for operation on automobile gasoline on the basis of Supplemental Type Certificates.
 
An engine designated the IOL-200, an O-200 variant modified with fuel injection and liquid cooling, powered the 1986 non-stop, non-refueled global circumnavigation flight of the Rutan Voyager. The 110-horsepower (82 kW) IOL-200, also referred to as the Voyager 200, was the rear engine and—unlike the forward engine, another modified engine, a Continental O-240 —ran throughout the entire 9-day flight save for a four-minute shutdown due to a fuel problem.

 

  Continental-IOL-200
Continental IOL-200

 

Formula One racer Sharp Nemesis, designed and flown by Jon Sharp, was powered by a 'stock' O-200. Between 1991 and 1999, the plane won 45 of the 48 events in which it was entered, as well as winning three Louis Blèriot medals, four Pulitzer Trophies, and setting 16 speed records in its class. In one of those records, Nemesis was clocked at over 290 mph (467 km/h). By contrast, the O-200 powered Legend Cub cruises at 95 mph (152.9 km/h).

 

TCM-O-200
TCM O-200

 

Variants:

C90-8FJ
C90-12F
C90-12FH
C90-12FJ
C90-12FP
C90-14FJ

O-200-A
standard model

O-200-B
designed for pusher installation

O-200-C
provides for the installation of a controllable pitch propeller

O-200-D
a lightweight model designed for Light Sport aircraft.

IOL-200 / Voyager 200
The forward engine of the round the world flight Rutan Voyager

O-205 / Rolls-Royce O-200-A
(a.k.a. Rolls-Royce/Continental O-200-A) Licence production of the O-200 in the United Kingdom for Beagle Pup

 

Applications:
Aeronca Champion 7EC
AMD Zodiac
Anglin J6 Karatoo
Bearhawk LSA
Bölkow Bo 208
Bushcaddy R-120
Cassutt Special
Cessna 150
Cessna 162 Skycatcher
Civil Aviation Department MG-1
Coupé-Aviation JC-200
CubCrafters Carbon Cub EX
CubCrafters CC11-100 Sport Cub S2
Falconar F11 Sporty
Falconar Minihawk
Fisher Celebrity
Fisher Dakota Hawk
Flaeming Air FA 04 Peregrine
Interstate Cadet
IndUS Aviation Sport E
Jodel D113-D11
Jodel DR1050 Excellence
Luscombe LSA-8
Malmö MFI-9
Mignet Pou-du-Ciel
Nexaer LS1
RLU-1 Breezy
Rutan Voyager
Ryan ST-100 Cloudster
VTOL Aircraft Phillicopter
Warner Sportster
World Aircraft Spirit

 

Specifications:

 

O-200-A
Type: Four-cylinder air-cooled horizontally opposed piston engine
Bore: 4.06 in (103.1 mm)
Stroke: 3.88 in (98.6 mm)
Displacement: 201 in³ (3.29 L)
Length: 28.53 in (724.7 mm)
Width: 31.56 in (801.6 mm)
Height: 23.18 in (588.8 mm)
Dry weight: 170.18 lb (77.19 kg) dry, without accessories
Valvetrain: Hydraulic lifters, two pushrod-actuated valves—one intake, one exhaust—per cylinder
Fuel system: Updraft carburetor with manual mixture control
Fuel type: 80/87 avgas minimum
Oil system: 6 US quart (5.7 L), wet sump
Cooling system: Air-cooled
Power output: 100 hp (75 kW)
Specific power: 0.5 hp/in³ (23 kW/L)
Compression ratio: 7.0:1
Power-to-weight ratio: 0.56 hp/lb (920 W/kg)

 

 


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