Rotary Air Force / RAF 2000



A Canadian-built two seat enclosed frame gyrocopter. Introduced in 1990, the RAF 2000 conforms to 51 per cent homebuilt rules. A conventional autogyro, the 2000 is suitable for training, crop-spraying, power line inspection, predator control, stock mustering and aerial photography. Quoted build time 150-250 hours.
The composites RAF rotor blade features 6061-T6 aluminium spar and foam filler, on a patented 5x10cm folding (two-part) rotor mast, with rubber mast bushing and adjustable CG. Removable doors.

The landing gear is tricycle configuration, fixed, with optional speed fairings.

Power is from one 97kW Subaru EJ22 16-valve four-cylinder liquid-cooled engine driving a ground-adjustable three-blade Warp Drive composites propeller through RAF cog belt reduction gear, ratio 2.10:1. Fuel capacity is 87 litres of premium unleaded Mogas, of which 79 litres are usable. Optional capacity 95 litres, of which 87 litres usable. Fuel consumption of the carburated version is 20.1 litres/h, and injected version 18.2 litres/h, both at 80% power.

A pilot and passenger sit side by side in an enclosed cabin. Can be flown with doors removed.

An agricultural version has a 114 litre tank, moulded to fit into the back and bottom of the cabin enclosure, supplying a 24-nozzle spraybar fitted behind and below the engine. Spray width is 6.7 to 7.3m.

Versions include:
2000 STD-SE: Basic version.
2000 GTX-SE: Top-of-range model; kit includes carbureted version of engine, rotor brake, heater, dual controls and adjustable pitch and roll trim assembly.
2000 GTX-SE FI: Fuel-injected version of GTX.

The 2-place rotorcraft is available in kit form. The GTX SE includes a variety of performance enhancing options. Standard engine is a 130 hp four cycle Subaru EJ22. Engine, propeller and instrument packages are included in RAF kits. The airframe is bolted square and round tube aluminium, with shock mounted landing gear.



The RAF 2000 GTX SE has rough field gear and is powered by a standard Subaru Legacy EJ-22 fuel injected engine (running on avgas) rated at 130 hp. RAF manufacture their own blades with aluminium spars and foam cores covered with composite material. They include a 2 inch strip of Kevlar on the leading edge. The fibreglass rotors fitted to the RAF 2000 GTX-SE are lifed at 500 hours.

Standard features include a cockpit heating system, three point harness, removable doors, a fold down mast, and adjustable centre of gravity provision. The fold down mast reduces the height to 6 foot 6 inch.

At least 500 are believed completed and flown by the end of 2002. 88 were current on the Canadian register in 2002.

COSTS: 2000 STD-SF kit price US$20,615, including Subaru engine (carb version); 2000 GTX-SE US$22,500, including carburated Subaru; 2000 GTX-SE FI US$25,500, including fuel-injected Subaru (all 2003).




RAF 2000
Engine: 130 hp EA82 or EJ22 Subaru
Pre-rotator rpm: 350
Dry weight: 760 lb
Min. speed: 10-12 mph
Max. speed: 100 mph
Cruise: 80 mph
Take Off Roll: 0-75 ft
Landing Roll: 0-10 ft
Rate of Climb: 1200 fpm

RAF 2000 GTX

Speed max: 100 mph
Cruise: 80 mph
Range: 320 sm
ROC: 1200 fpm
Take-off dist: 250 ft
Landing dist: 1-10 ft
Engine: Subaru EA-82, 100 hp
HP range: 100-300
Fuel cap: 23 USG
Weight empty: 560 lb
Gross: 1125 lb
Height: 8.2 ft
Length: 13.6 ft
Disk span: 30 ft
Disk area: 706 sq.ft
Seats: 2
Landing gear: nose wheel
Prop: 60” x 13o Warp Drive 3 blade composite, 2-2.1 cog belt reduction
Rotor blades: 30’ x 8 5/8” RAF composite, aluminium spar.

Engine: Subaru EJ22, 130 hp
Propeller diameter: 1.73m
Height: 8.2 ft / 2.50m
Length: 13.6 ft / 4.11m
Disk span: 30 ft / 9.14m
Disk area: 706 sq.ft
Fuel capacity: 23 USG
Empty weight: 730 lb / 345kg
Gross weight: 1540 lb / 698kg
Max speed: 100 mph / 161km/h
Cruise: 70 mph / 113km/h
Min flying speed: 32-48km/h
Rate of climb: 1000 fpm
Takeoff dist: 73-350 ft / 23-107m
Landing dist: 0-10 ft / 3m
Service ceiling: 10,000 ft / 3,050m
Range with max fuel: 450km
Seats: 2

Engine: Subaru EJ22, 130 hp
Speed max: 100 mph
Cruise: 75 mph
Range: 225 sm
ROC: 1200 fpm
Take-off dist: 250 ft
Landing dist: 10 ft
Fuel cap: 23 USG
Weight empty: 730 lb
Gross: 1540 lb
Height: 8.2 ft
Length: 13.6 ft
Disk span: 30 ft
Seats: 2
Landing gear: nose wheel


Engine: Subaru, 100 hp
Rotor span: 9.14 m
MAUW: 510 kg
Empty weight: 254 kg
Fuel capacity: 87 lt
Max speed: 160 kph
Cruise speed: 110 kph
Minimum speed: 16 kph
Climb rate: 6 m/s
Seats: 2
Kit price (1998): US$21,500