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Montgolfier Montgolfiere / Le Réveillon

montgolfiere


On 19th September the first living creatures ever to leave the ground in an aircraft — a sheep, a cock and a duck — travelled almost two miles in a wicker basket slung under a Montgolfière released at Versailles and it was planned to carry under the next balloon a criminal who would receive a free pardon if he alighted safely. But a young scientist named Pilâtre de Rozier, considering it unthinkable that a criminal should gain the honour of being the first airman, volunteered to make the ascent himself; and on 15th October 1783 he rose to about 80 feet in a captive balloon with a capacity of 60,000cu. ft. Pilatre de Rozier made a 4 minute 24 second tethered flight. The second ascent was done with Pilâtre de Rozier, and André Giroud de Villette, to 105m.

 

 

Montgol-03
 
Montgolfière Le Réveillon

 

  More important, on 21st November he completed the first aerial voyage in history, with the Marquis d’Arlandes, by flying 5½ miles across Paris at a height of about 300 feet, from the Château de la Muette. The 25-minute flight was not without hazard, for the balloon was kept inflated with hot air by means of a brazier slung under its neck, and the airman had a hectic time putting out fires on the fabric with a sponge and water which they had wisely decided to take with them.

The first woman aeronaut, Mine Tible, ascended from Lyons as passenger in a Montgolfière in June 1784.

Capacity: approx 77,700 cu.ft / 2200 cu.m
Diameter: approx 49 ft / 14.95m
Height: approx 75 ft / 22.75m

 


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