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Zeppelin LZ-3
LZ-3 leaving the floating shed at Manzell, Bodensee, 1906
Following the disaster of the LZ-2 Zeppelin vowed he would build no further airships, however, within weeks, and persuaded by popular sympathy, he managed to raise further funds from his own resourced, and a second state lottery was promised by the King. Sufficient money was raised to allow the construction of a new airship to go ahead.
The third airship, LZ-3, was based on LZ-2, of similar dimensions and utilising the same engines, but possessed of more functional bow and stern multiple elevators and having a keel cabin installed amidships.
The new airship was built within three months, making her maiden flight on 9 October 1906, lasting two hours, covering 60 miles, and returning to base without incident.
Further flight followed: on being of eight hours, another of twelve hours where the LZ-3 sailed along the Rhine valley and onto Switzerland covering 200 miles. The performance galvanised the authorities in to action: firstly by an award of 500,000 Marks from the Government Airship Commission to aid research, and secondly the placing of an order for two Zeppelins for the Army.
The stringent conditions laid down for the purchase contract included a twenty-four hour endurance flight to cover a distance of no less than 500 miles with a crew of 20, and to include a landing on return.
Zeppelin realised the LZ-3 did not possess the endurance necessary to comply with these conditions and proposed the construction of a larger ship, the LZ-4.
With the loss of the LZ-4 the army demanded an immediate replacement, for this purpose the old LZ-3 was taken in hand and enlarged and equipped with more powerful engines. At the same time work began on the new LZ-5

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