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Verzilov Staliniets-2
 
 Verzil-Stal2-01
 
From a visit to the IX National Competition gliding, which took place in the town of Koktebel in Crimea between 12 August and 20 September of 1933, a group of students and instructors Pilot School Navales of the RKKA VVS named Stalin decided to develop self-built gliders to participate in these competitions. The gliders carried the name Staliniets (Сталинец), which can be translated as Staliniano, in relation to the name of the school.
 
With more desire than experience and using the facilities of the local carpentry they began to work.
 
The "Staliniets-2" was designed as a two-seater competition glider.
 
Structurally it was designed as a monoplane with a high wing in parasol, braced by uprights. The wing featured an R-II profile with a single spar structure and was built in two independent sections, which were fixed to the upper fuselage structure, featuring an upright on each side to ensure the necessary structural rigidity. The central section of the wing was rectangular in shape, which became trapezoidal towards the ends. The entire wing was covered by 1.5 - 2 mm thick plywood sheets and had a total weight of 158 kg.
 
The fuselage featured oval section and plywood overlay. Eighteen frames and four main spars were included in its structure.
The tail planes were located high on the empennage. The stabilizer was attached to the keel structure at two points and a bracing post.
 
The landing gear consisted of a rigid, trunk-shaped ski, to which a trolley was attached, which could be released after take-off from the second seat.
 
The two crew members sat in tandem seats. The second position was located just above the center of gravity of the glider, so the absence of its occupant did not bring problems of variation of the centering.
 
The "Staliniets-2" (Russian: Верзилов “Сталинец-2”) was manufactured between June and September 1934 and this glider stood out for its good finish.
 
In the next competition, held also in Koktebel from 1 September to the 6 October of 1934 two gliders were presented: the "Staliniets-1" developed by the instructor flying school Pavel Yeyemeyev and two - seater "Staliniets -2 ”developed by Vladimir Verzilov.
 
The “Staliniets-2” glider successfully participated in the X National Sailing Competition, held in Koktebel.
 
Unlike the unsuccessful "Staliniets-1" of Yeremeyev, the "Staliniets-2" flown by instructor pilot Ivan M. Sujomlin established a new record in the competition extension flight to stay airborne 24 hours and 10 minutes between on October 18 and 19. Despite surpassing international results, this record was recognized only as national because the USSR was not a member of the FAI.
 
As a positive feature of the glider, it is worth highlighting its excellent longitudinal and transverse stability, as well as the excellent balance achieved by its builders.
 
Its disadvantages include the operation of the large unbalanced ailerons, which required a great effort o and some vibration in the tail, due to an ineffective location of the stabilizer.
 
Staliniets-2
Wingspan: 20.20 m
Wing area: 25.00 m²
Aspect ratio: 16.3
Length: 8.05 m
Height: 1.95 m
Empty weight: 295 kg
Wing loading: 18.2 kg / m²
Surface of the horizontal planes: 3.16 m²
Vertical plane surface: 1.72 m²
Ailerons surface: 3.68 m²
Accommodation: 2
 
 Verzil-Stal2-02
 
 
 
 


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