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Moscalev-Antonov AM-14
In September 1941 the Germans were approaching Voronezh, but even under these circumstances the aviation factory continued to deliver Il-2 assault aircraft to the front. At the beginning of September 1941, the decision was made to evacuate Factory No. 18 and OKB-31 led by Moscalev.
The new production base was established in the Siberian village of Zavodoukovsk, located in the Tyumen Oblast, where a new factory was organized that was numbered 499. AS Moscalevwas selected as director and main constructor.
Some time later the factory began to deliver the Antonov A-7 7-seater landing glider productions and a little later the A-2 training gliders, from the same manufacturer.
At the end of 1942 A. S. Moscalevwas given the task of modernizing the A-7 glider. The task envisaged the development of an enlarged version with capacity increased to 14 people, which was renamed AM-14 (Antonov - Moscalev14 seats, in Russian Антонов / Москалёв АМ-14). The prototype was built in Factory No. 499 in 1943.
Modifications to the base model included lengthening the central region of the fuselage by 670 mm, increasing the wing area and tailplane span, and increasing the diameter of the wheels.
After the tests, which were carried out successfully, Factory No. 499 began serial production of the model.
At the end of May 1943, A. S. Moscalev was tasked with urgently producing 50 AM-14 landing gliders at Factory No. 499, to be used in a supply mission to Belarusian guerrillas in the Minsk region. The gliders had to be prepared to carry fuel, weapons and ammunition, including cannon. The request established a delivery time of only 25 days for the 50 gliders and its fulfilment was personally followed by Stalin.
The glider launch operation over Belarus was kept a great secret, so for the Germans it was totally unexpected. This operation was led by the Air Landing Troop Headquarters and was planned to be carried out at night. Ilyushin DB-3F and Lisunov Li-2 towed gliders Moscalev and Gribovski pairs, releasing about 50 to 60 km from the target. The guerrillas had prepared surfaces for landing and at the agreed time they lit bonfires as signalling. This operation was successful and allowed the Belarusian partisans to achieve significant successes against the fascist groups.
For their contributions to support the partisans, the designers OK Antonov, AS Moscalev and VK Gribovski received the 1st level “Guerrilla of the Great Patriotic War” medal , which was one of the few exceptions for the delivery of this medal to personnel from the deep rear.
Wingspan: 18.0 m
Wing area: 29.10 m²
Aspect ratio: 11.2
Length: 11.20 m
Empty weight: 1080 kg
Wing loading: 84 kg / m²
Surface of the horizontal plane: 3.97 m²
Vertical plane surface: 3.24 m²
Spoiler area: 2.7 m²
Glide ratio: 18
Crew: 1
Carrying capacity: 14 soldiers equipped

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