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Bushby M-1 Midget Mustang

Long LA-1 Midget Mustang

 

bushbymm1


In 1948 Dave Long, chief engineer with Piper Aircraft at the time, designed and built an all metal racer which he called the Midget Mustang, known as the Long Midget. The public debut of the aircraft was at the 1948 Cleveland National Air Races. The closed course midget racers had a minimum weight of 500 lbs., minimum wing area of 66 sq. ft., fixed gear, at least a 6G structure, and the powerplants were limited to stock 190 cubic inch engines.


The Midget Mustang's 9-G ultimate structural strength and low power loading give a true high performance fully aerobatic sport plane that can also be used for cross country flying. With a 100hp Continental it will have a top speed close to 200mph and can cruise over 175mph burning only 6gal/hr. The cabin size will accommodate persons over 6ft tall. The new M-IA bubble canopy creates room for pilots as tall as 6 ft 4 in. A baggage compartment behind the seat will hold up to 30lbs.


The wing is a two piece cantilever structure consisting of flanged aluminium ribs, two folded metal spars with reinforcing booms and aluminium covered. Both flaps ailerons are all metal. The fuselage is a stressed skin semi-monocoque structure of eliptical cross-section. The tail unit is also all metal construction and incorporates a bungee elevator trim. The fixed undercarriage consists of two spring steel main legs and a steerable tailwheel. A 12 Imp. gallon fuel tank is located immediately behind the firewall. The Midget Mustang cowling and forward fuselage have been modified to fit a horizontally opposed four cylinder engine compared with the V12 Merlin of the original Mustang, but with the wing and tail design identical, the handling characteristics are very similar.


It has a high wing loading, but the power to weight ratio is good, making it very fast, but it's forward visibility at take-off and landing is poor. It has a very abrupt stall - it drops a wing every time. Maximum engine size is 160hp.


The prototype Midget Mustang #67 was close in the competition, taking 2nd in the elimination heat. Engine problems caused Dave Long to drop out of the finals however. He went on to build a prototype production aircraft and had made an arrangement with Schweizer Aircraft to produce the design before his death in 1950. The Midget Mustang is well known for its air racing legacy during the late '40s and early '50s.


In 1959 Robert Bushby purchased the rights to the design along with the tooling, formblocks, etc. Some of these formblocks are still being used for the M-I bulkheads today. Bob began to sell prints for the M-I and as the demand for the aircraft increased material kits were offered for sale as well. Over the years the kits have expanded and improved so that today a complete kit can be finished in less than 1000 hours. Price in 1982:  $2,900.

 

Midg-Must-2

 

Very few major changes have been made to the Midget Mustang and it still retains it's original racing appearance. One option that has been added is the bubble canopy design. By lowering the turtledeck and installing a full sliding bubble canopy the little airplane has more of a military style appearance. Other modifications by builders include larger engines, full IFR panels, and additional fuel capacity. Changes are to the control system to use pushrods for the ailerons and elevator. The Mustang II aileron is now used as well with a piano hinge attached to the top skin.


There have been 4 Midget Mustang Oshkosh EAA Grand Champions.

 

Midg-Must-3

 

After 30+ years of developing and supporting the Mustang II and Midget, Robert Bushby sold the design rights to Mustang Aeronautics headed by Chris Tieman in 1992. Both designs were originally plans built only. Today, the kits have been refined to modern advanced assembly kits that greatly simplify construction. This has resulted in a strong resurgence in the popularity of the Mustang II as build times of less than 3 years part time work (10-15 hrs/week) are typical.

 

Bush-Must

 

Gallery

 

Engine: Continental O-200, 100 hp
Wing span: 18 ft 6 in
Length: 16 ft 5 in
Height: 4 ft 6 in
Wing area: 68 sq.ft
Aileron area: 4.8 sq.ft
Flap area: 7.7 sq.ft
Stabilizer area: 8.8 sq.ft
Elevator area: 5.1 sq.ft
Fin area: 3.6 sq.ft
Rudder area: 3.3 sq.ft
Wheel tread: 5 ft 1 in
Cockpit width: 21 in
Empty weight: 610 lb
Recommended gross weight: 950 lb
Wing loading: 14.0 lb/sq.ft
Power loading: 9.5 lb/hp
Fuel: 15 to 35 USgal
Baggage: 30 lb
Top speed (sea level): 202 mph
Cruise speed (TAS, 75% power @ 8000 ft.): 175 mph
Never exceed speed (IAS): 230 mph
Range @ 75% pwr (std 15 USgal.): 435 miles
Rate of climb: 1500 fpm
Service ceiling: 17,000 ft
Stall speed (clean): 60 mph
Stall speed (full flap): 57 mph
Take off distance: 570 ft
Landing distance: 680 ft
Roll rate: 3000/sec
Aerobatic load:  +6 –3

Engine: Lycoming O-320, 160 hp
Wing span: 18 ft 6 in
Length: 16 ft 5 in
Height: 4 ft 6 in
Wing area: 68 sq.ft
Aileron area: 4.8 sq.ft
Flap area: 7.7 sq.ft
Stabilizer area: 8.8 sq.ft
Elevator area: 5.1 sq.ft
Fin area: 3.6 sq.ft
Rudder area: 3.3 sq.ft
Wheel tread: 5 ft 1 in
Cockpit width: 21 in
Empty weight: 680 lb
Recommended gross weight: 1000 lb
Wing loading: 14.7 lb/sq.ft
Power loading: 6.2 lb/hp
Fuel: 15 to 35 USgal
Baggage: 30 lb
Top speed (sea level): 210 mph
Cruise speed (TAS, 75% power @ 8000 ft.): 195 mph
Never exceed speed (IAS): 230 mph
Range @ 75% pwr (std 15 USgal.): 400 miles
Rate of climb: 2500 fpm
Service ceiling: 20,000 ft
Stall speed(clean): 62 mph
Stall speed(full flap): 57 mph
Take off distance: 470 ft
Landing distance: 680 ft
Roll rate: 3000/sec
Aerobatic load:  +6 –3

Engine: Continental, 85 h.p.
Span: 18 ft 6 in
Length: 16 ft 5 in
Wing Area: 68 sq. ft.
Empty Weight: 575 lb.
Loaded Weight: 900 lb (max.).
Wing Loading: 12.9 lb/sq. ft.
Max. Speed: 170 mph.
Cruise Speed: 140 mph.
Stall Speed: 60 mph.
Initial Climb: 1160 fpm.
Range: 400 miles.

Engine: 125 hp
Cruise: 160 mph.
ROC: 2000 fpm.
Range: 450 sm.
Span: 18.5 ft.
Length: 16 ft 5 in.
Empty weight: 560 lbs.
Max weight: 950 lbs.

Engine: Lycoming O-290D, 130 hp
Wing span: 18 ft 6 in.
Cruise: 150 kts.
ROC: 2000 fpm.

 

 


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