Breguet Br 5 / Br2 5 Ca2
Grahame-White Type XIX / G.W.19

 

breguet-5

 

The relative success of the use of cannon in the Breguet BU.3 led the Breguet company to install it in their latest aircraft, the Breguet 5. This was a three-bay, unequal span biplane powered by a 225-hp Renault 12Fb engine. The tail section was the same as that of the Breguet BU.3, with four tail booms extending from the upper and lower wings. The Breguet Br.M5 series of biplane bomber was developed from the Breguet Br.M4 late in 1915 and was regarded by the Aviation Militaire as a two-seat escort fighter or reconnaissance-fighter.
 
The Br.M5 was operated by a crew of two with the pilot seated in the middle of the aircraft and the gunner/observer to the front. The engine sat behind the crew area - directly behind the pilot and was a pusher driving a two-blade propeller. Design was with a bathtub-like fuselage, a static tricycle landing gear array and framework and cables leading out to the empennage.
 

The RNAS purchased 59 Breguet 5s from the Breguet factory and ordered an additional 3 from Graham-White Aviation Company (as Grahame-White Type XIX / G.W.19), but only 10 were ever built in Britain. Twenty-five of the Breguet 5s built in France had the 250-hp Rolls-Royce engine installed, the remaining models were powered by the 225-hp Renault engine.


In action, the Br.M5 was fielded primarily as a night bomber and used by both the French and English forces from 1916-1917 though it first appeared in the summer of 1915. The Type 5 fighter, or Bre 5 Ca2, never equipped a complete escadrille, a few aircraft of this type being issued to each of the units operating the Bre 5 B2 bomber version, for which it was expected to act as escort. Armament comprised a 37mm Hotchkiss cannon on a flexible mounting in the forward cockpit and a rear-firing 7.7mm Lewis gun on an elevated mounting over the leading edge of the upper wing. Eleven Type 5 fighters were operational with the Aviation Militaire by 1 February 1916, but the type was generally unpopular.


Breguet Br.M5
Engine: 1 x Renault 12Fb, 220hp or 1 x Rolls-Royce Eagle, 250hp.
Wingspan: 17.50 m / 57 ft 5 in
Length: 9.90 m / 33 ft 6 in
Height: 3.90 m / 12 ft 8 in
Wing area: 57.70 sq.m / 621.08 sq ft
Take-off weight: 1890 kg / 4167 lb
Empty weight: 1350 kg / 2976 lb
Max. speed: 133 km/h / 83 mph
Service Ceiling: 11,483ft (3,500m; 2.2miles)
Armament:
1 x 7.7mm Lewis machine gun or 1 x 37mm cannon in forward observer/gunner position.
Accommodation: 2
Hardpoints: 2

 

breguet-5ld
 

 Breg-5-03