In 1916 large and heavy aircraft such as a torpedo-bomber might be able to take off given enough headwind, but not land again on the small 'flying-off' decks of the time. Floatplane operations required a ship to stop in potentially dangerous waters. Blackburn's Blackburd of 1918 was designed to take off from a ship, jettison its wheels (quickly so they could be recovered) and then its axle so the torpedo could be dropped. At the end of its mission, it was to ditch next to the ship and hopefully be recovered. The Blackburd proved unstable in pitch, being nose heavy with or without a torpedo, and the rudder was ineffective, making deck landings virtually impossible.
Engine: 1 x 350hp Rolls Royce Eagle VIII
Take-Off Weight: 2586 kg / 5701 lb
Wingspan: 15.97 m / 52 ft 5 in
Length: 10.64 m / 34 ft 11 in
Height: 3.78 m / 12 ft 5 in
Max. Speed: 153 km/h / 95 mph