Beechcraft 2000 Starship 1
Success in testing the SCAT 1 led to the construction of the Model 2000 Starship 1. The Starship design has compound taper main wings, which mount the two pusher engines. Large endplate fins, known as tipsails, provide longitudinal stability, augmented by two small fins on the wing trailing edge. Additional keel area is provided by a ventral fin under the extreme rear of the slender fuselage. The large canard foreplanes of variable-geometry, sweeping forward by 4 degrees for low-speed flight and 30 degrees back in the cruise.
The Starship is built entirely of composites such as carbon graphite, Kevlar and E-glass, which make for an exceptionally strong and light aircraft that isn't subject to the same inherent long-term weaknesses found in aluminum airframes. The composite makeup of the airframe doesn't transmit noise or vibration from its twin 1,200 shp Pratt & Whitney engines, thus keeping interior cabin sound levels extremely low. Because of its canard configuration, the design is virtually impossible to stall. Virtually the entire structure is made of Nomex honeycomb and graphite/epoxy composites, with titanium used in high-stress areas.
The prototype composite construction Starship rolled out at Wichita to begin its certification in 1985. The first of three flying pre-production Starship 1s flew on 15 February 1986. Another three airframes were produced for static, damage tolerance and pressure testing. Basic FAA certification followed on 14 June 1988, and the first production machine flew on 25 April 1989. This has been used for customer demonstration flights, resulting in 40 orders by June of that year.
The tandem wing, twin pusher corporate aircraft is capable of a maximum cruise of 352 knots and a 41,000 foot ceiling. The Starship is the first all-composite, pressurised aircraft to receive FAA type certification. Starship is constructed of layers of graphite fibre surrounding a core of honeycombed nomex, bonded with adhesive resin.
The unique Starship entered production in 1988 following first flight of a full-scale prototype on 15 February 1986. Seating eight passengers in a pressurised cabin, the aircraft is powered by two 1,200 shp (895 kW) P & W Canada PT6A-67A turboprops in "pusher" configuration giving a max cruising speed of 335 kts (621 km/h). Composites form a major portion of the Starship's construction and among its aerodynamic features are variable-geometry foreplanes and large wingtip stabilisers called "tipsails".
Production ceased approximately 10 years after its introduction.
Beech 2000 Starship 1
Engines: 2 x Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-67A turboprops, 1,200 shp / 895kW
Max take off weight : 14001.8 lb / 6350.0 kg
Weight empty : 8917.0 lb / 4044.0 kg
Max. weight carried : 5084.7 lb / 2306.0 kg
Fuel capacity: 534 US gal
Wingspan: 16.6 m / 54 ft 6 in
Length: 14.05 m / 46 ft 1 in
Height: 3.96 m / 12 ft 12 in
Wing area: 26.09 sq.m / 280.83 sq ft
Wing load : 49.82 lb/sq.ft / 243.0 kg/sq.m
Max. speed : 352 kt / 652 km/h
Landing speed : 84 kt / 156 km/h
Cruise speed: 621 km/h / 386 mph
Initial climb rate : 3346.46 ft/min / 17.0 m/s
Service ceiling: 12495 m / 41000 ft
Range: 3132 km / 1946 miles
Payload : 8-11pax
Takeoff distance, 50 ft.: 4,093 ft
Landing distance, 50 ft.: 2,630 ft.