The Zlín Z-XII was a Czechoslovak twin-seat sports aircraft and the first major design success by the Zlínská Letecká Akciová Společnost (Zlín) aircraft manufacturing company after its founding in Otrokovice after the takeover by the Bata Group.
The low-wing all-wooden aircraft was designed by Jaroslav Lonek. Two prototypes, with different engines, were presented in April 1935. These were subjected to an extensive test program.
The Z-XII, equipped with a 33 kW (44 hp) ZLAS or 47 kW (63 hp) Zlin Persy II engine emerged as the winner from the tests. The Z-212 was an improved version, equipped with a Walter Mikron engine. The aircraft could also come with an open cockpit or with a cockpit hood.
Zlin XII with open cockpit.
It was a very popular aircraft and it was exported to many countries including Czechoslovakia, Egypt, France, Hungary, Japan, Italy, Romania, Sweden, and South Africa.
Production of the Z-212 ran under German supervision after the occupation of Czechoslovakia. The German Luftwaffe operated Z-XIIs and Z-212s until 1943, and about 20 Z-XIIs went to Slovakia with Slovenské vzdušné zbrane. One aircraft was impressed into Yugoslav Royal Air Force military service in April 1940. The Czechoslovak Air Force operated this type post war under designation K-72. One Zlin 212 Tourist was impressed into service in India in 1942.
Zlín XII, aerodrom Zlín
One Z-212 was captured by the Americans at the end of World War II. It was later used for sightseeing flights. Another Z-XII survived the war, being disassembled into parts in Otrokovice. It was later rebuilt and flew with the registration OK-ZJD.
A total of 201 Z-XII and 58 (other sources mention 51) Z-212 were built. Replicas of Z-XII and Z-212 have been built.
Engine: 1 × Zlin Persy II, 45 kW (61PS, 60hp)
Length: 7.80 m (25.59 ft)
Wingspan: 10.00 m (33 ft)
Wing area: 12 m²
Empty weight: 290 kg (639 lbs)
Loaded weight: 520 kg (1,146.40 lbs)
Maximum speed: 155 km/h (96 mph)
Cruise speed: 135 km/h (84 mph)
Range: 300 km (186 mi)
Service ceiling: 3,800 m (12,467 ft)
Rate of climb: 3 min to 270 m